SSL Insight provides visibility into secure web transactions (HTTPS) and allows IT administrators to monitor all the secure web applications being served by the Citrix ADC by providing integrated and real-time and historic monitoring of secure web transactions. With this visibility the administrator can assess following:
- Determine Configuration Change Impact on Customer Usage. The administrator can understand the impact on clients for making a configuration change like turning off SSLv3 or removing a cipher like RC4-MD5. This can be done by assessing the historic transaction data on this protocol and cipher.
- Quantify client performance. Administrator can understand the impact on Application Response Time based on the SSL ciphers/protocol used or the certificates negotiated.
- Application Security. Assess if any of the application have transactions running on low security protocols, ciphers or weak key strength.
When SSL Analytics is enabled on an ADC instance, SSL statistics are recorded and logged for every SSL transaction. The statistics show the details of the SSL flow. Also, every successful connection is logged and displayed by Citrix Application Delivery Management (ADM.)
SSL Insight provides the following critical information, which is displayed by Citrix ADM Analytics:
- SSL Protocol version negotiated
- Cipher negotiated, and the cipher strength
- Signature Hash algorithm of the certificate used
- Certificate Type & Size
- SSL Frontend and Backend errors
For successful SSL connections, SSL appflow logging happens at the end of every transaction.
- The ADC instance on which you intend to configure SSL Insight must be running an ADC software release no earlier than 11.1 build 51.21.
- The Citrix ADM version should be no earlier than the ADC software version.
Configuring SSL Insight
SSL Insight Metrics are included in Web Insight reports if you enable the following elements:
- Enable AppFlow for Web Insight on each ADC instance.
- Enable ULFD mode on each ADC instances.
- Enable required AppFlow parameters on each ADC instance.
Enabling the AppFlow feature
You can enable the Appflow feature either from Citrix ADM or from each ADC instance.
Enable the AppFlow feature from Citrix ADM
- Navigate to Networks > Instances, and select the ADC instance on which you want to enable analytics.
- From the Select Action list, select Configure Analytics.
- Select the virtual servers, and click Enable AppFlow.
- In the Enable AppFlow field, select the required expression for which you want to collect insight, and select Web Insight.
- Repeat steps 3 through 6 on each ADC instance.
- Click OK.
You cannot enable data collection on a virtual server if the operational state of the virtual server is other than UP.
Enable the AppFlow feature by using the ADC GUI
In an ADC instance’s GUI, navigate to Configuration > System > Settings, click Configure Advanced Features, and select AppFlow.
Enabling ULFD Mode
After you enable ULFD mode on the ADC instances on which the virtual servers are configured, the ULFD server streams the analytics data from the ADC instances to Citrxi ADM.
Enable SSL Insight Parameters
On each ADC instance, you have to enable some HTTP parameters to display SSL Insight records in Citrix ADM.
Enable SSL Insight parameters from the ADC configuration utility
Navigate to Configuration > System > AppFlow, and click Change AppFlowSettings.
Select the following check boxes: HTTP Domain, HTTP Host, HTTP Method, HTTP URL, HTTP User-Agent, HTTP Content-Type.
View the SSL Insight metrics
SSL Insight metrics in Citrix ADM provide a detailed view of the performance of the SSL transactions served by the ADC instances. You can view the SSL Insight metrics at the client, server, or application level, and the SSL success and failure transactions’ metrics. With the help of these metrics, you can analyze and optimize your ADC HTTPS settings and SSL-certificate settings, and track performance issues.
Monitor SSL Insight metrics in Citrix ADM
- On the Analytics tab, navigate to Web Insight and click the Client, Server, or Application node to display the metrics about clients, the server, or the applications, respectively.
- In the top-left pane, from the drop-down list, select the time frame whose metrics you want to display. You can customize the time frame by using the time-frame slider. Click Go.
The SSL Insight metrics appear as pie charts, which you can click for more details.
The pie charts display the metrics of all the applications, clients or servers.
To display details for a specific application, client, or server, click the corresponding value on the bar graph.
- To View the Failed SSL transactions, on the SSL section, select the radio button on the SSL section.
Use Case: Obtain an overview of the SSL transactions of applications, clients, or servers
The following use case describes how you can use SSL Insight to assess the usage of various SSL Parameters in applications, clients and servers, and improve security measures.
Consider that you have a set of applications that are using SSL transactions (HTTPS) for communication, and you have configured Citrix ADM to monitor the SSL components. You might need to frequently review the applications so that you can focus first on the applications that need the most attention. The SSL insight dashboard provides a summary of various SSL parameters used by your applications over a time period of your choosing, and for a selected ADC device. They are listed as follows:
- SSL Certificates
- SSL Protocols
- SSL Cipher Negotiated
- SSL Key Strength
- SSL Failure – Frontend
- SSL Failure – Backend
In the following example, you can see list of clients (identified by their IP addresses) and the SSL hits per client. Also, at the right, you can view the SSL Parameters for all the clients.
To display SSL details for a client, select the client on the bar graph or in the table below the graph. In the following example, the selected client’s transactions use an SHA1 SSL certificate and four major protocols: TSLv1.2, TSLv1.1, TSLv1, and SSLv3. You can also see that ciphers of various strengths were negotiated. The color code indicates the strength of the SSL protocol, which gives you information about weak ciphers and strong ciphers.
Similarly, to view the information about the failed SSL transactions, select the radio button on the SSL section. SSL Frontend and Backend failures are displayed separately in two pie charts. In the following example, you can view that the major Backend SSL errors are Handshake failures and major Frontend SSL errors are Illegal parameters.