View details in service graph
After you add the Kubernetes cluster in Citrix ADM, it takes approximately 10 minutes to get the data populated in service graph. Navigate to Applications > Service Graph and click the Microservices tab to view the service graph details.
|Two-tier/Service Mesh Lite topology||Single-tier/Unified Ingress topology|
Tier 1 ingress – Citrix Ingress Controller inside the Kubernetes cluster configures a Citrix ADC instance (VPX/MPX/SDX/BLX) outside the Kubernetes cluster.
Tier 2 ingress – Citrix Ingress Controller running as a sidecar along with Citrix ADC CPX instance inside the Kubernetes cluster.
Ingress – Displays for all other deployment topologies.
Service graph dashboard
1 - End-to-end network map of your application that shows how your component services are communicating
2 – Graph that indicates hits and errors for a specific time duration
3 – Search bar to search for services
4 – Time list to select the time duration
5 - Apply filters to display services
6 – Setting icon
7 – Zoom in and zoom out view
8 – Graph view or tabular view
Based on the selected time duration, you can view the service graph.
|The edge width indicates the number of hits. The greater or more the edge width, indicates the number of hits is higher.|
|Service with a warning icon indicates that the service has errors.|
|Service with a stopwatch icon indicates that the service has latency or response time issues.|
|Service with both stopwatch and warning icons indicate that the service has both errors and latency/response time issues.|
If a service has no warning or stopwatch icon, it indicates that the service has anomalies or threshold breach for Hits.
Select the time period from the graph that indicates hits to drill down further for additional information.
If no active transactions received by Citrix ADM, you can view only the services that are load balanced by the Citrix ADC instance. When you hover the mouse pointer on a service, all metrics are displayed as 0.
The service graph is now displayed with the protocol used by the services. Consider that you have the following services running in your Kubernetes cluster as shown in the image:
If you have added multiple clusters in Infrastructure > Orchestration > Kubernetes > Clusters, you can view services associated with each cluster.
You can view the following status for your services:
Critical (red) - Service has anomalies or threshold breach in multiple metrics. For the default thresholds, Critical status indicates average service response time > 200 ms AND error count > 0
Review (orange) - Service has anomalies or threshold breach in any one of the metrics. For the default thresholds, Review status indicates average service response time > 200 ms OR error count > 0
Good (green) - Service with no anomalies or no threshold breach. For the default thresholds, Good status indicates no error and average service response time < 200 ms
For more information on anomalies, see Monitor services using the golden signal metrics.
For more information on thresholds, see Configure thresholds in service graph.
The following are protocols that enable you to identify the protocol used by a service:
TCP – Indicates the service is using the TCP protocol.
SSL, HTTP – Indicates the service is using the SSL over HTTP protocol.
SSL, TCP – Indicates the service is using the SSL over TCP protocol.
The service without a protocol indicates the service is using the HTTP protocol.
View key metrics trends using the tabular view
Using the tabular view, you can see:
Key metrics for the service
Key metrics between a source service to a destination service
As an administrator, using these key metrics, you can analyze the trends of golden signals for the selected time duration. For more information, see View service details.
View Pxx value for the service response time
Hover the mouse point on a service to view the Pxx value for the response time.
Response Time (P99) – Denotes that the 99% of the requests for the selected duration is less than P99 value.
When you drill down to view the service details, you can also view the 99th percentile and 99.9th percentile of the response time for the selected duration.
As an administrator, using the pxx value, you can understand the service response time better. For more information, see View service details.
View service details
Click a service to view the following options:
View Details - Enables you to view the service details such as namespace, labels, cluster where the service is hosted, and so on. For more information, see View service details.
View in App Dashboard - Enables you to view the selected application details such as app score, Kubernetes service details, pod details, and so on. For more information, see Kubernetes application details
Transaction Logs - Enables you to view the HTTP and SSL over HTTP transaction details. For more information, see View analytics for Web transactions.
Trace Info - Enables you to view the service distributed tracing. For more information, see Distributed tracing.
View client metrics
You can view from which location the client is accessing the service. As an administrator, you can visualize the client metrics and analyze the issues that occur from the client.
Hover the mouse pointer on a client region to view the metrics.
Hits - Indicates the total hits received by the client.
Client Network Latency - Indicates the average client network latency.
Client 4xx Errors - Indicates the total client 4xx errors.
Client SSL Errors - Indicates the total client SSL errors.
IP blocks in Citrix ADM - Citrix ADM can recognize the client location if the client uses a public IP address. Citrix ADM has its built-in location CSV file that matches the location based on the client IP address range.
Citrix ADM can recognize the client location with private IP address only when the IP address is added to the Citrix ADM server. For example, if the client IP address falls within a private IP address range associated with City A, Citrix ADM recognizes that the traffic is originating from City A for this client.
View client transaction summary
The detailed client transaction summary enables you to view:
Response time > 500 ms
Click a client location and select Transaction Logs.
For more information, see Web transaction analytics.
View ingress metrics
You can view the type of ingress used in the Kubernetes cluster.
Citrix ADC IP address and its score
Current State – Indicates if the Citrix ADC instance is Up, Down, or Out of Status
Max Contribution – Indicates the issue that is affecting the instance score
For the single-tier topology, you can view only a single Ingress.
Click the Ingress to drill down further for details. For more information, see View ingress details for troubleshooting issues.
View TCP and SSL metrics
Using the TCP and SSL metrics, you can:
View TCP connection details between services
Determine if TCP-related issues are from the source or destination service
View if the SSL error is from the source or destination service
View the SSL protocol version used by SSL services
Hover the mouse pointer over a TCP service or its associated incoming service to view the TCP metrics.
TCP connections – Total connections established between the services
Data Volume – Total data processed by the service
TCP Server Reset – Total TCP resets initiated from the server
Hover the mouse pointer on a service that uses SSL protocol to view the SSL metrics.
SSL Server Errors – Indicates the total SSL errors from the server. (For example, SSL certificate unknown)
SSL Protocol – Indicates the SSL protocol version used by the service
SSL Client Errors - Indicate the total SSL errors from the client. (For example, SSL client authentication error)
You can apply filters to view specific service information. Click No Filters list to get the filter options.
For example, if you want to view services that have latency less than 150 ms, then click the bar graph under Service Response Time to display the results.
Click Service Info to select and apply filters for:
Cluster – Displays all services applicable for the selected cluster or clusters.
Namespace – Displays all services applicable for the selected namespace.
Depending upon the labels configured for the service in Kubernetes service definition YAML, you may also view more filter options.
Click Clear All to clear all filters.
Alternatively, you can also use the search text box and type a service name to display the results on the service graph.
1 – Settings icon
2 – Options to display the service graph as Default, Layer-Based, or Force-Directed views
3 – Select the options from the list to view the services based on categories. After you select a category from the list, click + on the graph to view all services
4 – Enables you select the option on how you want to display the services.
5 - Select the Hide Idle Services option to display only the active services.
6 - Enables you to change the Service Info labels. The Filters tab enables you to select the labels (based on the selected duration and the active transactions from the services).
After selecting the labels, the Service Info tab in the Filters section enables you to apply filters on the selected labels to filter results.
Analyze the errors
Hover the mouse pointer on a service that indicates errors.
|The TCP Server Reset indicates the total TCP resets initiated from the server.|
|The TCP Client Reset indicates the total TCP resets initiated by the client.|
|The SSL Client Errors indicate the total SSL errors from the client. (For example, SSL client authentication error).|
|The SSL Server Errors Indicate the total SSL errors from the server. (For example, SSL certificate unknown)|
Client error count (irrespective of the protocol type) is displayed in any service if the client error count is 1 or higher.
Clients error count displayed for any service indicates that the errors are from the client end.
View HTTP transaction details
You can view the errors by hovering the mouse pointer on an erroneous service and click the issue count.
According to the example shown in the image, you can view an end-to-end network map of your application that shows how your component services are communicating.
When you hover the mouse pointer on the Ecommerce-Service, you can view metrics details for Ecommerce-Service.
Citrix ADM also enables you to view transaction details between Ingress and services. Hover the mouse pointer to view details such as total errors, average service response time, and so on between the Ingress and service.
Hits – Indicates the total number of hits received by the service.
Service Response Time – Indicates the average response time taken from the service to respond for Time To First Byte (TTFB).
Errors – Indicates the total errors such as 4xx, 5xx, and so on.
Data volume – Indicates the total volume of data processed by the service.
SSL Protocol – Indicates the SSL protocol version.
Click the arrow between Ingress and service to view the detailed transactions.
For more information, see View analytics for Web transactions.