Advanced policy expressions: parsing SSL
There are advanced policy expressions to parse SSL certificates and SSL client hello messages.
Parse SSL certificates
You can use advanced policy expressions to evaluate X.509 Secure Sockets Layer (SSL) client certificates. A client certificate is an electronic document that can be used to authenticate a user’s identity. A client certificate contains (at a minimum) version information, a serial number, a signature algorithm ID, an issuer name, a validity period, a subject (user) name, a public key, and signatures.
You can examine both SSL connections and data in client certificates. For example, you may want to send SSL requests that use low-strength ciphers to a particular load balancing virtual server farm. The following command is an example of a Content Switching policy that parses the cipher strength in a request and matches cipher strengths that are less than or equal to 40:
add cs policy p1 -rule "client.ssl.cipher\_bits.le(40)"
As another example, you can configure a policy that determines whether a request contains a client certificate:
add cs policy p2 -rule "client.ssl.client\_cert EXISTS"
Or, you might want to configure a policy that examines particular information in a client certificate. For example, the following policy verifies that the certificate has one or more days before expiration:
add cs policy p2 -rule "client.ssl.client\_cert exists && client.ssl.client\_cert.days\_to\_expire.ge(1)"
Prefixes for text-based SSL and certificate data
The following table describes expression prefixes that identify text-based items in SSL transactions and client certificates.
Table 1. Prefixes That Return Text or Boolean Values for SSL and Client Certificate Data
|CLIENT.SSL.CLIENT_CERT||Returns the SSL client certificate in the current SSL transaction.|
|CLIENT.SSL.CLIENT_CERT.TO_PEM||Returns the SSL client certificate in binary format.|
|CLIENT.SSL.CIPHER_EXPORTABLE||Returns a Boolean TRUE if the SSL cryptographic SSL cryptographic cipher is exportable.|
|CLIENT.SSL.CIPHER_NAME||Returns the name of the SSL Cipher if invoked from an SSL connection, and a NULL string if invoked from a non-SSL connection.|
|CLIENT.SSL.IS_SSL||Returns a Boolean TRUE if the current connection is SSL-based.|
Prefixes for numeric data in SSL certificates
The following table describes prefixes that evaluate numeric data other than dates in SSL certificates. These prefixes can be used with the operations that are described in Basic Operations on Expression Prefixes” and Compound Operations for Numbers.
Table 2. Prefixes That Evaluate Numeric Data Other Than Dates in SSL Certificates
|CLIENT.SSL.CLIENT_CERT.DAYS_TO_EXPIRE||Returns the number of days that the certificate is valid, or returns -1 for expired certificates.|
|CLIENT.SSL.CLIENT_CERT.PK_SIZE||Returns the size of the public key used in the certificate.|
|CLIENT.SSL.CLIENT_CERT.VERSION||Returns the version number of the certificate. If the connection is not SSL-based, returns zero (0).|
|CLIENT.SSL.CIPHER_BITS||Returns the number of bits in the cryptograhic key. Returns 0 if the connection is not SSL-based.|
|CLIENT.SSL.VERSION||Returns a number that represents the SSL protocol version, as follows: 0. The transaction is not SSL-based.; 0x002. The transaction is SSLv2.; 0x300. The transaction is SSLv3.; 0x301. The transaction is TLSv1.; 0x302. The transaction is TLSv1.1.; 0x303. The transaction is TLSv1.2.|
For expressions related to expiration dates in a certificate, see Expressions for SSL Certificate Dates.
Expressions for SSL certificates
You can parse SSL certificates by configuring expressions that use the following prefix:
This section discusses the expressions that you can configure for certificates, with the exception of expressions that examine certificate expiration. Time-based operations are described in Advanced Policy Expressions: Working with Dates, Times, and Numbers.
The following table describes operations that you can specify for the CLIENT.SSL.CLIENT_CERT prefix.
Table 3. Operations That Can Be Specified with the CLIENT.SSL.CLIENT_CERT Prefix
|SSL Certificate Operation||Description|
||Returns a Boolean TRUE if the client has an SSL certificate.|
||Returns the Distinguished Name (DN) of the Issuer in the certificate as a name-value list. An equals sign (“=”) is the delimiter for the name and the value, and the slash (“/”) is the delimiter that separates the name-value pairs. Following is an example of the returned DN:
||Returns the Issuer and ignores the empty elements in a name-value list. For example, consider the following: Cert-Issuer: /c=in/st=kar//l=bangelore //o=mycompany/ou=sales/ /emailAddressfirstname.lastname@example.org. The following Rewrite action returns a count of 6 based on the preceding Issuer definition: