A NetScaler appliance logically residing between clients and servers can be deployed in either of two physical modes: inline and one-arm. In inline mode, multiple network interfaces are connected to different Ethernet segments, and the appliance is placed between the clients and the servers. The appliance has a separate network interface to each client network and a separate network interface to each server network. The appliance and the servers can exist on different subnets in this configuration. It is possible for the servers to be in a public network and the clients to directly access the servers through the appliance, with the appliance transparently applying the L4-L7 features. Usually, virtual servers (described later) are configured to provide an abstraction of the real servers. The following figure shows a typical inline deployment.
Figure 1. Inline Deployment
In one-arm mode, only one network interface of the appliance is connected to an Ethernet segment. The appliance in this case does not isolate the client and server sides of the network, but provides access to applications through configured virtual servers. One-arm mode can simplify network changes needed for NetScaler installation in some environments.
For examples of inline (two-arm) and one-arm deployment, see "Understanding Common Network Topologies."