Shut Down a VM

You may need to shut down a running VM for a number of different reasons, for example to free up its resources, or to reconfigure its virtual network hardware or virtual disk storage. You can shut down a VM via the VM’s console or using XenCenter. XenCenter provides two ways to shut down a VM:

  • A soft shutdown performs a graceful shutdown of the VM, and all running processes are halted individually.
  • A forced shutdown performs a hard shutdown and is the equivalent of unplugging a physical server. It may not always shut down all running processes and you risk losing data if you shut down a VM in this way. A forced shutdown should only be used when a soft shutdown is not possible.

A VM running in HVM mode (that is, VMs without XenServer Tools installed) can only be shut down using a forced shutdown; to avoid this, you should install XenServer Tools on all HVM virtual machines.

To perform a soft shutdown

Select the VM in the Resources pane and then click Shutdown icon. A red circle with a power icon overlaid in white. Shut Down on the toolbar.

Alternatively:

  • Right-click and click Shut Down on the Resources pane shortcut menu.
  • On the VM menu, click Shut Down.

To shut down a VM from within its floating console window, click Lifecycle icon. Three stacked circles: blue, green, red. and then click Shut Down.

The VM’s console displays shutdown messages as running processes are stopped. When the shutdown is complete, the VM status indicator changes to Stopped VM icon. A VM icon with a red stop icon overlaid. in the Resources pane.

To perform a forced shutdown

Select the VM in the Resources pane and then click Force Shutdown icon. A red circle with a white off switch icon overlaid. Force Shutdown on the toolbar.

Alternatively:

  • Right-click and click Force Shutdown on the Resources pane shortcut menu.
  • On the VM menu, click Force Shutdown.

To forcibly shut down a VM from within its floating console window, click Lifecycle icon. Three stacked circles: blue, green, red. and then click Force Shut Down.

When the shutdown is complete, the VM status indicator changes to Stopped VM icon. A VM icon with a red stop icon overlaid. in the Resources pane.

Shut Down a VM