The tab-based navigation in XenCenter provides quick access to your managed resources without needing to open and close dozens of windows at the same time. The tabs available at any time depend on what you have selected in the Resources pane; for example, most resources have a General tab, while the HA and WLB tabs are available only when a pool is selected, and the Snapshots tab is only available when a VM is selected.
On this tab you can run a console session on a VM or managed server.
See also Run a Remote Console Session to read about the different types of remote VM console supported in XenCenter.
| Switch to Remote
Switch to Default Desktop
|Switches between Windows remote console types|
Switch to Graphical Console
Switch to Text Console
|Switches between Linux remote console types. You may need to enter your VNC password first when switching to a graphic console.|
|Send Ctrl-Alt-Del||Sends the Ctrl+Alt+Del key sequence to the remote console.
By default, most keyboard shortcuts are transmitted to the server or virtual machine when you use a remote console. However, your local system will always intercept the Ctrl+Alt+Del key sequence and prevent it from being sent if you try to type it in directly at the remote console.
|Undock (Alt+Shift+U)||Undocks the
Console tab into a floating window.
To shut down or reboot a server, install XenServer Tools, shut down, reboot or suspend a virtual machine from within the floating console window, click in the top left corner of the window and then click on a command.
To use a different keyboard shortcut for docking and undocking the console, go to the XenCenter Options dialog box: click Tools > Options.
|Find Console||Opens the floating console window when it has been minimized or brings it to the front if it is hidden behind other windows.|
|Docks the floating console window back to the Console tab.|
|Scale||Scales the remote console screen to fit within the
Console tab or window so that you can easily see
everything on the remote console. Clear the check box to displayed the remote
console screen at its normal size.
By default, the scale setting used in the Console tab is preserved when you undock the console or switch between console types (for example, VNC/text console), but this is configurable. To change this setting, go to the Console tab of the Options dialog box.
|Fullscreen (Ctrl+Enter)||Displays the console in full-screen mode. Press
Ctrl+Alt to exit full-screen mode; to use a
different key sequence, go to the XenCenter
Changing XenCenter Options
When you point to the top center of the screen in full-screen mode, the Connection bar is displayed, showing the name of the VM or server you are working on and including two controls: a Pin button to allow you to turn the Connection bar on permanently, and a Restore down button that you can click to exit full-screen mode.
You can control a number of console settings in the Options dialog box. For example, the text clipboard on your local machine is shared with the remote console by default, so that items you cut or copy will be placed on the clipboard and made available for pasting on either your local computer or on the remote console. You can turn clipboard sharing off and change a number of other console settings from the XenCenter Options dialog box; see Changing XenCenter Options.
View general properties of the selected virtual machine, server, resource pool, template or storage repository on the General tab; click Properties to set or change properties.
You can quickly copy any of the values shown on this pane to the Windows clipboard, for example, to paste into a text editor, by right-clicking on the value and then clicking Copy on the shortcut menu.
On the HA tab for a pool, you can:
When HA has been enabled, you can see current HA status (failure capacity and server failure limit) and the status of the selected heartbeat SRs on the HA tab.
HA is available in Citrix XenServer Advanced Edition or higher. To learn more about the features available in different XenServer Editions, click here.
Add a server to the list of managed host servers, open the XenCenter Help system, or open a browser window and find out more about XenServer and other Citrix products on the Home tab.
View a list of events recorded by XenCenter in the selected resource pool, server or virtual machine during the current XenCenter session on the Logs tab. Use the check boxes at the top of the tab to filter the information shown. By default, error, alert, action and information events are displayed here.
See XenCenter Event Log for more information about using the Logs tab and viewing the XenCenter event log file.
Enable dynamic memory control (DMC) and configure dynamic memory limits on the Memory tab. VMs can have a static memory allocation or can be configured to use Dynamic Memory Control, which allows the amount of memory allocated to a VM to be adjusted on-the-fly as memory requirements on the server change without having to restart the VM.
The Dynamic memory Control feature is available in Citrix XenServer Advanced Edition or higher. To learn more about the features available in different XenServer Editions, click here.
View detailed information about the physical network interface cards (NICs) on the selected server and configure NIC bonds on the NICs tab.
NIC bonding (or "NIC teaming") can improve server resiliency by using two or more physical NICs as if they were one: if one NIC within the bond fails, the server's network traffic will automatically be routed over the second NIC, ensuring server management connectivity. See Configuring NICs.
View performance data for your VMs and managed servers on the Performance tab. Note that full performance data is only available for VMs with XenServer Tools installed.
The tab provides real time monitoring of performance statistics across resource pools as well as graphical trending of virtual and physical machine performance. By default, graphs showing CPU, memory, network and disk I/O are included on the tab. Click Configure Graphs to add more performance data and change the appearance of the graphs; see Configuring Performance Graphs.
You can also have XenCenter generate performance alerts when CPU, network I/O or disk I/O usage go over a specified threshold on a managed server or virtual machine; see Configuring Performance Alerts.
Advanced performance reporting and alerting capabilities are available in Citrix XenServer Advanced Edition or higher. To learn more about the features available in different XenServer Editions, click here.
Select the top-level XenCenter item, a pool or a server in the Resources pane and then click on the Search tab to perform complex searches of your managed resources. You can construct queries based on object types, folders, and attributes such as name, description, tags, HA status or restart priority, and power state.
Create, delete and export VM snapshots, revert a VM to a selected snapshot, and use existing snapshots to create new VMs and templates on the Snapshots tab.
See VM Snapshots.
View the storage configuration of the selected virtual machine, server, resource pool, or storage repository on the Storage tab. The settings shown on this tab depend on the type of resource currently selected in the Resources pane.
|Selected resource||What's shown on the Storage tab||Learn more|
|VMs and templates||Information about each virtual disk on the VM is shown,
including its size and location (the SR where the virtual disk is located), its
data access status and disk access priority.
To edit a virtual disk's settings, select it in the list and click Properties. Click Add to add a new disk or Attach to attach an existing disk.
|Configuring Virtual Storage|
|Servers and pools||A list of the available storage repositories (SRs) is shown,
with summary information about their type, size, free space, and share status.
To edit the name or description of an SR, select it in the list and click Properties. Click Add to add a SR or Detach to detach the selected SR.
|Managing Storage Repositories (SRs)|
|Storage repositories||A list of the virtual disks or ISOs on the selected SR is shown. Click Add to add a new virtual disk.||Add Virtual Disks|
Click on the top-level XenCenter item in the Resources pane and then click on the Tags tab to view all the tags you have assigned to your resources as a tag cloud, where the size of the tag reflects the number of times it is used. Click on a tag in the tag cloud to perform a search for all resources with that tag and display the results on the Search tab.
See Using Tags.
Configure role-based access to XenServer users and groups through AD user account provisioning and XenServer's Role Based Access Control (RBAC) on the Users tab. Here, you can join a pool or server to an Active Directory (AD) domain, add an AD user or group to a pool, and assign roles to users and groups.
See Managing users.
Access key Workload Balancing features, including configuration, optimization recommendations, and status on the WLB tab.
Workload Balancing is available in Citrix XenServer Enterprise Edition or higher. To learn more about the features available in different XenServer Editions, click here.