Product Documentation

Citrix XenServer ® 6.5 Service Pack 1 Administrator's Guide

Jun 13, 2017
Citrix XenServer ® 6.5 Service Pack 1 Administrator's Guide
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Contents

1. Document Overview
Introducing XenServer
Benefits of Using XenServer
Administering XenServer
XenServer Documentation
2. Managing Users
Authenticating Users With Active Directory (AD)
Configuring Active Directory Authentication
User Authentication
Removing Access for a User
Leaving an AD Domain
Role Based Access Control
Roles
Definitions of RBAC Roles and Permissions
Using RBAC with the CLI
Auditing
How Does XenServer Compute the Roles for the Session?
3. XenServer Hosts and Resource Pools
Hosts and Resource Pools Overview
Requirements for Creating Resource Pools
Creating a Resource Pool
Creating Heterogeneous Resource Pools
Adding Shared Storage
Removing a XenServer Host from a Resource Pool
Preparing a Pool of XenServer Hosts for Maintenance
Export Resource Pool Data
To Export Resource Data
High Availability
HA Overview
Configuration Requirements
Restart Priorities
Enabling HA on a XenServer Pool
Enabling HA Using the CLI
Removing HA Protection from a VM using the CLI
Recovering an Unreachable Host
Shutting Down a host When HA is Enabled
Shutting Down a VM When it is Protected by HA
Host Power On
Powering on Hosts Remotely
Using the CLI to Manage Host Power On
Configuring a Custom Script for XenServer's Host Power On Feature
4. Networking
Networking Support
vSwitch Networks
XenServer Networking Overview
Network Objects
Networks
VLANs
Jumbo frames
NIC Bonds
Initial Networking Configuration after Setup
Changing Networking Configuration
Changing the Up Delay for Bonds
Managing Networking Configuration
Cross-Server Private Networks
Creating Networks in a Standalone Server
Creating Networks in Resource Pools
Creating VLANs
Creating NIC Bonds on a Standalone Host
Creating NIC Bonds in Resource Pools
Configuring a Dedicated Storage NIC
Using SR-IOV Enabled NICs
Controlling the Rate of Outgoing Data (QoS)
Changing Networking Configuration Options
Networking Troubleshooting
Diagnosing Network Corruption
Emergency Network Reset
5. Storage
Storage Overview
Storage Repositories (SRs)
Virtual Disk Image (VDI)
Physical Block Devices (PBDs)
Virtual Block Devices (VBDs)
Summary of Storage objects
Virtual Disk Data Formats
Storage Repository Formats
Local LVM
Local EXT3
udev
ISO
Integrated StorageLink (iSL) SRs
Software iSCSI Support
Hardware Host Bus Adapters (HBAs)
Shared LVM Storage
NFS VHD
LVM over Hardware HBA
Storage Configuration
Creating Storage Repositories
Probing an SR
Storage Multipathing
XenServer and IntelliCache
IntelliCache Deployment
Storage Read Caching
Enabling and Disabling
Limitations
Comparison with IntelliCache
To Set the Read Cache Size
Managing Storage Repositories
Removing SRs
Introducing an SR
Live LUN Expansion
Live VDI Migration
Cold VDI Migration between SRs (Offline Migration)
Converting Local Fibre Channel SRs to Shared SRs
Reclaiming Space for Block-Based Storage on the Backing Array Using Discard
Automatically Reclaiming Space When Deleting Snapshots
Adjusting the Disk IO Scheduler
Virtual Disk QoS Settings
6. Configuring VM Memory
What is Dynamic Memory Control (DMC)?
The Concept of Dynamic Range
The Concept of Static Range
DMC Behavior
How Does DMC Work?
Memory Constraints
xe CLI Commands
Display the Static Memory Properties of a VM
Display the Dynamic Memory Properties of a VM
Updating Memory Properties
Update Individual Memory Properties
Upgrade Issues
7. XenServer Memory Usage
Control Domain Memory
Changing the Amount of Memory Allocated to the Control Domain
How Much Memory is Available to VMs
8. Disaster Recovery and Backup
Understanding XenServer DR
DR Infrastructure Requirements
Deployment Considerations
Steps to Take Before a Disaster
Steps to Take After a Disaster
Steps to Take After a Recovery
Enabling Disaster Recovery in XenCenter
Recovering VMs and vApps in the Event of Disaster (Failover)
Restoring VMs and vApps to the Primary Site After Disaster (Failback)
Test Failover
vApps
Using the Manage vApps dialog box in XenCenter
Backing Up and Restoring XenServer Hosts and VMs
Backing up Virtual Machine metadata
Backing up XenServer hosts
Backing up VMs
VM Snapshots
Regular Snapshots
Quiesced Snapshots
Snapshots with memory
Creating a VM Snapshot
Creating a snapshot with memory
To list all of the snapshots on a XenServer pool
To list the snapshots on a particular VM
Restoring a VM to its previous state
Snapshot Templates
Coping with machine failures
Member failures
Master failures
Pool failures
Coping with Failure due to Configuration Errors
Physical Machine failure
9. Monitoring and Managing XenServer
Monitoring XenServer Performance
Available Host Metrics
Available VM Metrics
Analyzing and Visualizing Metrics in XenCenter
Configuring Metrics
Using RRDs
Alerts
Using XenCenter to View Alerts
Configuring Performance Alerts Using the xe CLI
Configuring Email Alerts
Enabling Email Alerts Using XenCenter
Enabling Email Alerts using the xe CLI
Custom Fields and Tags
Custom Searches
Determining throughput of physical bus adapters
10. Troubleshooting
Support
XenServer host logs
XenCenter logs
Troubleshooting connections between XenCenter and the XenServer host
A. Command Line Interface
Basic xe Syntax
Special Characters and Syntax
Command Types
Parameter Types
Low-level Parameter Commands
Low-level List Commands
xe Command Reference
Appliance Commands
Audit Commands
Bonding Commands
CD Commands
Console Commands
Disaster Recovery (DR) Commands
Event Commands
GPU Commands
Host Commands
Log Commands
Message Commands
Network Commands
Patch (Update) Commands
PBD Commands
PIF Commands
Pool Commands
Storage Manager Commands
SR Commands
Task Commands
Template Commands
Update Commands
User Commands
VBD Commands
VDI Commands
VIF Commands
VLAN Commands
VM Commands

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   Chapter 1. Document Overview