HDX 3D Pro allows graphics-heavy applications running in Windows Server OS sessions to render on the server's graphics processing unit (GPU). By moving OpenGL, DirectX, Direct3D, and Windows Presentation Foundation (WPF) rendering to the server's GPU, the server's CPU is not slowed by graphics rendering. Additionally, the server is able to process more graphics because the workload is split between the CPU and GPU.
When using HDX 3D Pro, multiple users can share graphics cards. When HDX 3D Pro is used with XenServer GPU Passthrough, a single server hosts multiple graphics cards, one per virtual machine.
For procedures that involve editing the registry, use caution: Editing the registry incorrectly can cause serious problems that may require you to reinstall your operating system. Citrix cannot guarantee that problems resulting from the incorrect use of Registry Editor can be solved. Use Registry Editor at your own risk. Be sure to back up the registry before you edit it.
You can install multiple GPUs on a hypervisor and assign VMs to each of these GPUs on a one-to-one basis: either install a graphics card with more than one GPU, or install multiple graphics cards with one or more GPUs each. Mixing heterogeneous graphics cards on a server is not recommended.
Virtual machines require direct passthrough access to a GPU, which is available with Citrix XenServer or VMware vSphere. When HDX 3D Pro is used with GPU Passthrough, each GPU in the server supports one multi-user virtual machine.
For example, scalability figures in the range of 8-10 users have been reported on NVIDIA Q6000 and M2070Q cards running applications such as ESRI ArcGIS. These cards offer 6 GB of video RAM. Newer NVIDIA GRID cards offer 8 GB of video RAM and significantly higher processing power (more CUDA cores). With the NVIDIA GRID K2 cards, good performance has been observed with up to 20 users per GRID K2 card. Other applications may scale much higher, achieving 32 concurrent users on a high-end GPU.
Some applications handle video RAM shortages better than others. If the hardware becomes extremely overloaded, this could cause instability or a crash of the graphics card driver. Limit the number of concurrent users to avoid such issues.
To confirm that GPU acceleration is occurring, use a third-party tool such as GPU-Z. GPU-Z is available at http://www.techpowerup.com/gpuz/.
GPU acceleration of CUDA and OpenCL applications running in a user session is supported as a Proof of Concept (POC) only. This support is disabled by default, but you can enable it for testing and evaluation purposes.