Product Documentation

Configuring GSLB Service Selection Using Content Switching

Oct 12, 2015

In a typical GSLB deployment, you can prioritize the selection of a set of GSLB services bound to a GSLB virtual server, but you cannot do the following:

  • Restrict the selection of a GSLB service from a subset of GSLB services bound to a GSLB virtual server for the given domain.
  • Apply different load balancing methods on the different subsets of GSLB services in the deployment.
  • Apply spillover policies on a subset of GSLB services, and you cannot have a backup for a subset of GSLB services.
  • Configure a subset of GSLB services to serve different content. That is, you cannot content switch between servers in different GSLB sites. The GSLB configuration assumes that the servers contain the same content. 
  • Define a subset GSLB services with different priorities and specify an order in which the services in the subset are applied to a request.

You can now configure a content switching (CS) policy to customize the GSLB deployment. First configure a set of GSLB services and bind it to a GSLB virtual server. Then, configure a CS virtual server of target type GSLB, define a CS policy and action with the GSLB virtual server as target virtual server, and bind the CS policy to CS virtual server.

Important

  • Only CS policies with DNS based expressions can be bound to a CS virtual server of target type GSLB.
  • If a GLSB service is bound to a CS virtual server through a GSLB virtual server, you cannot bind another GSLB virtual server bound with the same GSLB service to the CS virtual server.

Example
Consider a GLSB deployment that includes two GSLB sites. At each site, four GSLB services (S-1, S-2, S-3, and S-4) are bound to GSLB virtual server VS-1. You can configure a content switching (CS) virtual server of target type GSLB and define a CS policy and action with VS-1 as the target virtual server, so that requests for content in English are served only by S-1 and S-2, and requests for content in the local language are served only by S-3 and S-4.

You could give S-1 priority by configuring a backup virtual server to VS-1 and binding S-2 to the backup virtual server. Client requests would then be served by S-1 unless the server it represents went down, in which case the requests would be served by S-2. If both S-1 and S-2 were down, clients would receive an empty response.

To configure GSLB Service Selection using Content Switching:

  1. Configure GSLB. For instructions, see Configuring Global Server Load Balancing.
  2. Configure a Content Switching (CS) virtual server of target type GSLB. For more information, see Creating Content Switching Virtual Servers.
  3. Configure Content Switching (CS) policies. For more information, see Configuring Content Switching Policies.
  4. Configure CS actions that designate a GSLB virtual server as the target virtual server. For more information, see Configuring a Content Switching Action.
  5. Bind the CS policies to the CS virtual server. For more information, see Binding Policies to a Content Switching Virtual Server.
  6. Bind the domain to the CS virtual server instead of the GSLB virtual server.
     

Sample Configuration

The following sample configuration sends requests from the client with IP address 5.5.5.5 to SERVICE_GSLB1 and SERVICE_GSLB2. SERVICE_GSLB1 has a higher priority than SERVICE_GSLB2, and SERVICE_GSLB2 serves the client requests only when SERVICE_GSLB1 is down. If both SERVICE_GSLB1 and SERVICE_GSLB2 are down, SERVICE_GSLB3 and service-GSLB4 are not considered, and a blank response is sent to the client.

Example 複製

>add cs vs CSVSERVER_GSLB http –targettype GSLB

Done

>add gslb vs VSERVER_GSLB1 http

Done

>add gslb vs VSERVER_GSLB2 http

Done

>add gslb vs VSERVER_GSLB_BACKUP1 http

Done

>set gslb vs VSERVER_GSLB1 -backupvserver VSERVER_GSLB_BACKUP1

Done

>add gslb service SERVICE_GSLB1 1.1.1.1 HTTP 80 -sitename site1

Done

>add gslb service SERVICE_GSLB2 1.1.1.2 HTTP 80 -sitename site1

Done

>add gslb service SERVICE_GSLB3 1.1.1.3 HTTP 80 -sitename site2

Done

>add gslb service SERVICE_GSLB4 1.1.1.4 HTTP 80 -sitename site2

Done

>bind gslb vs VSERVER_GSLB1 -servicename SERVICE_GSLB1

Done

>bind gslb vs VSERVER_GSLB_BACKUP1 -servicename SERVICE_GSLB2

Done

>bind gslb vs VSERVER_GSLB2 -servicename SERVICE_GSLB3

Done

>bind gslb vs VSERVER_GSLB2 -servicename SERVICE_GSLB4

Done

>add cs action a1 -targetvserver VSERVER_GSLB1

Done

>add cs policy p1 -rule "CLIENT.IP.SRC.EQ(5.5.5.5)" -action a1

Done

>bind cs vs CSVSERVER_GSLB -domainName www.abc.com

Done

>bind cs vs CSVSERVER_GSLB -policyname p1 -priority 1

Done

>add cs action a2 -targetvserver VSERVER_GSLB2

Done

>add cs policy p2 -rule "CLIENT.IP.SRC.EQ(6.6.6.6)" -action a2

Done

>bind cs vs CSVSERVER_GSLB -policyname p2 -priority 2

Done