Front End Optimization
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Front end optimization
Note: Front end optimization is available if you have an Advanced or Premium Citrix ADC license and are running Citrix ADC release 10.5 or later.
The Citrix ADC front end optimization (FEO) feature addresses such issues and reduces the load time and render time of webpages by:
- Reducing the number of requests.
- Required for rendering each page.
- Reducing the number of bytes in page responses.
Simplifying and optimizing the content served to the client browser.
You can customize your FEO configuration to provide the best results for your users. Citrix ADCs support numerous web content optimizations for both desktop and mobile users. The following tables describe the front-end optimizations provided by the FEO feature, and the operations performed on different types of files.
|Web Optimization||Problem||What Citrix ADC FEO feature does||Benefits|
|Image optimization||Mobile browsers often have slow connection speeds and limited cache memory. Downloading images on mobile clients consumes more bandwidth, processing time, and cache space, resulting in website latency.||JPEG optimization, CSS image inlining, Image shrink-to attributes, GIF to PNG conversion, HTML image inlining, WebP image conversion, JPEG, GIF, PNG to JPEG-XR image conversion||Reduces the image to the size indicated in image tag by Citrix ADC, enabling client browsers to load images faster.|
|Connection Management||Many browsers set limits on the number of simultaneous connections that can be established to a single domain. This can cause browsers to download webpage resources one at a time, resulting in higher browsers time.||Domain sharding||Overcomes the connection limitation, which improves page-rendering time by enabling client browsers to download more resources in parallel.|
Web Optimizations on different file types:
Note: The front end optimization feature supports ASCII characters only. It does not support the unicode character set.
After the Citrix ADC receives the response from the server:
Parses the contents of the page, creates an entry in the cache (wherever applicable), and applies the FEO policy.
For example, a Citrix ADC can apply the following optimization rules:
- Combine one or more CSS files to one file.
- Convert GIF image format to PNG format.
- Rewrites the embedded objects and saves the optimized content in the cache, with a different signature than the one used for the initial cache entry.
- For subsequent requests, fetches the optimized objects from the cache, not from the server, and forwards the responses to the client.
** Remove extraneous information such as white spaces and comments.
The period during which the browser can use the cached resource without checking to see if fresh content is available on the server.
Optionally, you can change the values of the front end optimization global settings. Otherwise, begin by creating actions that specify the optimization rules to be applied to the embedded objects.
After configuring actions, create policies, each with a rule specifying a type of request for which to optimize the response, and associate the actions with the policies.
Note: The Citrix ADC evaluates front end optimization policies at request time only, not at response time.
To put the policies into effect, bind them to bind points. You can bind a policy globally, so that it applies to all traffic that flows through the Citrix ADC, or you can bind the policy to a load balancing or content switching virtual server of type HTTP or SSL. When you bind a policy, assign it a priority. A lower priority number indicates a higher value. The Citrix ADC applies the policies in the order of their priorities.
Front end optimization requires the Citrix ADC integrated caching feature to be enabled. Also, you must perform the following integrated caching configurations:
- Allocate cache memory.
- Set the maximum response size and memory limit for a default cache content group.
For more information on configuring integrated caching, see Integrated Caching.
Note: The term Integrated Cache can be interchangeably used with AppCache; note that from a functionality point of view, both terms mean the same.
At the command prompt, do the following:
- Enable the front end optimization feature.
enable ns feature FEO
- Create one or more front end optimization actions.
add feo action <name> [-imgShrinkToAttrib] [-imgGifToPng] ...
Example: To add a front end optimization action for converting images in GIF format to PNG format and to extend cache expiry period:
add feo action allact -imgGifToPng -pageExtendCache
- [Optional] Specify non-default values for front end optimization global settings.
set feo parameter [-cacheMaxage <integer>] [-JpegQualityPercent <integer>] [-cssInlineThresSize <integer>] [-inlineJsThresSize <integer> [-inlineImgThresSize <integer>]
Example: To specify the cache maximum expiry period:
set feo parameter -cacheMaxage 10
- Create one or more front end optimization policies.
add feo policy <name> <rule> <action>
Example: To add a front end optimization policy and associate it with the above specifiedallact action:
`>add feo policy pol1 TRUE all act
add feo policy pol1 “(HTTP.REQ.URL.CONTAINS("testsite"))” allact1`
- Bind the policy to a load balancing or content switching virtual server, or bind it globally.
bind lb vserver <name> -policyName <string> -priority <num> bind cs vserver <name> -policyName <string> -priority <num> bind feo global <policyName> <priority> -type <type> <gotoPriorityExpression> <!--NeedCopy-->
Example: To apply the front end optimization policy to a virtual server named “abc”:
> bind lb vserver abc -policyName pol1 -priority 1 -type NONE
Example: To apply the front end optimization policy for all the traffic reaching the ADC:
> bind feo global pol1 100 -type REQ_DEFAULT
- Save the configuration. save ns config
- Navigate to Optimization > Front End Optimization > Actions, click Add and create a front end optimization action by specifying the relevant details.
- [Optional] Specify the front end optimization global settings.
- Navigate to Optimization > Front End Optimization, and on the right-pane, under Settings, click Change Front End Optimization settings and specify the front end optimization global settings.
- Create a front end optimization policy.
- Navigate to Optimization > Front End Optimization > Policies, click Add and create a front end optimization policy by specifying the relevant details.
- Bind the policy to a load balancing or content switching virtual server.
- Navigate to Optimization > Front End optimization > Policies.
- Select a front end optimization policy and click Policy Manager.
- Under Front End Optimization Policy Manager, bind the front end optimization policy to a load balancing or content switching virtual server.
The dashboard utility displays summary and detailed statistics in tabular and graphic formats. You can view the FEO statistics to evaluate your FEO configuration.
Optionally, you can also display statistics for an FEO policy, including the number of select that the policy counter increments during policy based FEO.
Note: For more information about statistics and charts, see the Dashboard help on the Citrix ADC appliance.
At the command prompt, type the following commands to display a summary of FEO statistics, FEO policy select and details, and detailed FEO statistics, respectively:
stat feoNote: The stat feo policy command displays statistics only for advanced FEO policies.
show feo policy name
stat feo -detail
In the dashboard GUI, you can:
- Select Front End Optimization to display a summary of FEO statistics.
- Click the Graphical View tab to display the rate of requests processed by the FEO feature.
Refer to the Sample PDF for some examples of content optimization actions that are applied on HTML content and the embedded objects within the HTML content.
In this article
- Optimizations performed by the FEO feature
- How front end optimization works
- Configure front end optimization
- Configure front end optimization by using Citrix ADC command interface
- Configure front end optimization by using the GUI
- Verify front end optimization configuration
- View FEO statistics by using Citrix ADC command interface
- View FEO statistics on Citrix ADC dashboard
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