Citrix ADC

JSON command injection protection check

The JSON command injection check examines the incoming JSON traffic for unauthorized commands that break the system security or modify the system. When examining the traffic, if any malicious commands are detected, the appliance blocks the request or performs the configured action.

In a command injection attack, the attacker aims to run unauthorized commands on the Citrix ADC operating system or the back-end server. To achieve this, the attacker injects operating system commands using a vulnerable application. The back-end application is vulnerable to injection attacks if the appliance simply forwards a request without any security check. Therefore, it is highly important to configure a security check, so the Citrix ADC appliance can protect your web application by blocking unsafe data.

How command injection protection works

  1. For an incoming JSON request, WAF examines the traffic for keywords or special characters. If the JSON request has no patterns that match any of the denied keywords or special characters, the request is allowed. Otherwise, the request is blocked, dropped, or redirected based on the configured action.
  2. If you prefer to exempt a keyword or a special character from the list, you can create a relaxation rule to bypass the security check under specific conditions.
  3. You can enable logging to generate log messages. You can monitor the logs to determine whether responses to legitimate requests are getting blocked. A large increase in the number of log messages can indicate attempts to launch an attack.
  4. You can also enable the statistics feature to gather statistical data about violations and logs. An unexpected surge in the stats counter might indicate that your application is under attack. If legitimate requests are getting blocked, you might have to revisit the configuration to see if you must configure the new relaxation rule or modify the existing one.

Keywords and special characters denied for command injection check

To detect and block JSON command injection attacks, the appliance has a set of patterns (keywords and special characters) defined in the default signature file. Following is a list of keywords blocked during command injection detection.

<commandinjection>
      <keyword type="LITERAL" builtin="ON">7z</keyword>
      <keyword type="LITERAL" builtin="ON">7za</keyword>
      <keyword type="LITERAL" builtin="ON">7zr</keyword>
…
</commandinjection>

Special characters defined in the signature file are: | ; & $ > < ' \ ! >> #

Configuring JSON command injection check by using the CLI

In the command line interface, you can use either the set appfw profile command or add an appfw profile command to configure the JSON command injection settings. You can enable the block, log, and stats actions. You must also set the command injection type such as key words and string characters that you want to detect in the payloads.

At the command prompt, type:

set appfw profile <profile-name> –cmdInjectionAction <action-name> -CMDInjectionType <CMDInjectionType>]

Note:

By default, the command injection action is set as “block log stats”. Also, the default command injection type is set as CmdSplCharANDKeyWord. After an upgrade, the existing Web app Firewall profiles have the action set as “None.”.

Example:

set appfw profile profile1 -JSONCMDInjectionAction block -JSONCMDInjectionType CmdSplChar

Where, the available JSON command injection actions are:

None - Disable command injection protection. Log - Log command injection violations for the security check. Block - blocks traffic that violates the command injection security check. Stats - Generates statistics for command injection security violations.

Where, the available JSON command injection types are:

Cmd SplChar - Checks special characters CmdKeyWord - Checks command injection Keywords CmdSplCharANDKeyWord - This is the default action. The action checks special characters and command injection. Keywords and blocks only if both are present. CmdSplCharORKeyWord - Checks special characters and command injection Keywords and blocks if either of them is found.

Configuring relaxation rules for JSON command injection protection check

If your application requires you to bypass the JSON command injection inspection for a specific ELEMENT or ATTRIBUTE in the payload, you can configure a relaxation rule.

The JSON command Injection inspection relaxation rules have the following syntax.

bind appfw profile <profile name> –JSONCMDURL <expression> -comment <string> -isAutoDeployed ( AUTODEPLOYED | NOTAUTODEPLOYED ) -state ( ENABLED | DISABLED )

Example for relaxation rule for Regex in header

bind appfw profile abc_json -jsoncmDURL http://1.1.1.1/hello.html

Whereas, the following relaxes requests from all URLs hosted on 1.1.1.1:

bind appfw profile abc_json -jsoncmDURL http://1.1.1.1/*”

To remove the relaxation, use ‘unbind’.

unbind appfw profile abc_json -jsoncmDURL “ http://1.1.1.1/*”

Configure JSON command injection check by using the GUI

Complete the following steps to configure the JSON command injection check.

  1. Navigate to Security > Citrix Web App Firewall and Profiles.
  2. On the Profiles page, select a profile and click Edit.
  3. On the Citrix Web App Firewall Profile page, go to Advanced Settings section and click Security Checks.

Accessing JSON security check on security settings

  1. In Security Checks section, select JSON Command Injection and click Action settings.
  2. In the JSON Command Injection Settings page, set the following parameters

    1. Actions. Select one or more actions to perform for JSON command injection security check.
    2. Check Request Containing. Select a command injection pattern to check if the incoming request has the pattern.
  3. Click OK.

Configure JSON command injection check settings

Viewing command injection traffic and violation statistics

The Citrix Web App Firewall Statistics page shows security traffic and security violation details in a tabular or graphical format.

To view security statistics by using the command interface.

At the command prompt, type:

stat appfw profile profile1

Appfw profile Traffic Statistics Rate (/s) Total
Requests 0 0
Request Bytes 0 0
Responses 0 0
Response Bytes 0 0
Aborts 0 0
Redirects 0 0
Long Term Ave Response Time (ms) 0
Recent Ave Response Time (ms) 0
HTML/XML/JSON Violation Statistics Rate (/s) Total
Start URL 0 0
Deny URL 0 0
Referer header 0 0
Buffer overflow 0 0
Cookie consistency 0 0
Cookie hijacking 0 0
CSRF form tag 0 0
HTML Cross-site scripting 0 0
HTML SQL injection 0 0
Field format 0 0
Field consistency 0 0
Credit card 0 0
Safe object 0 0
Signature Violations 0 0
Content Type 0 0
JSON Denial of Service 0 0
JSON SQL injection 0 0
JSON Cross-Site Scripting 0 0
File Upload Types 0 0
Infer Content Type XML Payload 0 0  
HTML CMD Injection 0 0
XML Format 0 0
XML Denial of Service (XDoS) 0 0
XML Message Validation 0 0
Web Services Interoperability 0 0
XML SQL Injection 0 0
XML Cross-Site Scripting 0 0
XML Attachment 0 0
SOAP Fault Violations 0 0
XML Generic Violations 0 0
Total Violations 0 0
HTML/XML/JSON Log Statistics Rate (/s) Total
Start URL logs 0 0
Deny URL logs 0 0
Referer header logs 0 0
Buffer overflow logs 0 0
Cookie consistency logs 0 0
Cookie hijacking logs 0 0
CSRF from tag logs 0 0
HTML XSS logs 0 0
HTML XSS transform logs 0 0
HTML SQL Injection logs 0 0
HTML SQL transform logs 0 0
Field format logs 0 0
Field consistency logs 0 0
Credit cards 0 0
Credit card transform logs 0 0
Safe object logs 0 0
Signature logs 0 0
Content Type logs 0 0
JSON Denial of Service logs 0 0
JSON SQL injection logs 0 0
JSON Cross-Site Scripting logs 0 0
File upload types logs 0 0
Infer Content Type XML Payload L 0 0
JSON CMD Injection 0 0
HTML Command Injection logs 0 0
XML Format logs 0 0
XML Denial of Service(XDoS) logs 0 0
XML Message Validation logs 0 0
WSI logs 0 0
XML SQL Injection logs 0 0
XML XSS logs 0 0
XML Attachment logs 0 0
SOAP Fault logs 0 0
XML Generic logs 0 0
Total log messages 0 0
Server Error Response Statistics Rate (/s) Total  
HTTP Client Errors (4xx Resp) 0 0
HTTP Server Errors (5xx Resp) 0 0
HTML/XML/JSON Log Statistics Rate (/s) Total
JSON Command Injection logs 0 0
XML format logs 0 0

Viewing JSON command injection statistics by using the Citrix ADC GUI

Complete the following steps to view the command injection statistics:

  1. Navigate to Security > Citrix Web App Firewall > Profiles.
  2. In the details pane, select a Web App Firewall profile and click Statistics.
  3. The Citrix Web App Firewall Statistics page displays the JSON command injection traffic and violation details.
  4. You can select Tabular View or switch to Graphical View to display the data in a tabular or graphical format.

JSON command injection traffic statistics

JSON Command injection-traffic-statistics GUI section

JSON command injection violation statistics

JSON Command injection-traffic-statistics GUI section