Firewall ports

The App Layering appliance communicates with your hypervisor, provisioning service, and the App Layering agent. This article details the ports that the appliance uses to communicate both internally with other App Layering-related services, and externally with servers, such as NTP servers. Be sure to open the necessary ports in your firewall before you install the App Layering appliance.

During App Layering installion, you open ports that the appliance uses to interact with services on the virtual server where it is hosted. If there is a firewall between the App Layering appliance and the machine on which you are running the App Layering agent or one of the App Layering connectors, you must manually open the port in the firewall used for that purpose. If during installation you changed any of the ports from the default setting, be sure to open the correct port.

The App Layering appliance uses the TCP/IP protocol, and IPv4 is required. There are three main classes of communication:

  • Accessing and managing the appliance.
  • Talking to other App Layering agent service.
  • Talking directly to hypervisors that don’t require the agent.

Note:

The App Layering appliance must be connected to a network file share.

Admin user

By default, App Layering uses he following ports in your firewall for the Admin User to interact with the Management console on the App Layering appliance virtual machine.

App Layering appliance

The connector services for the various hypervisors and provisioning services listed below all run on the App Layering appliance.

App Layering Destination Activity Protocol Ports
Appliance Management console TCP 80, 443
Appliance Administrator log download TCP 8888
Azure connector service Communication TCP 3000 (HTTP), 3500 (HTTPS)
Citrix Provisioning connector service Communication TCP 3009 (HTTP), 3509 (HTTPS)
vSphere connector service Communication TCP 3004 (HTTP), 3504 (HTTPS)
Citrix Hypervisor connector service Communication TCP 3002 (HTTP), 3502 (HTTPS)
Hyper-V connector service Communication TCP 3012 (HTTP), 3512 (HTTPS)
Nutanix connector service Communication TCP 3006 (HTTP), 3506 (HTTPS)
BITS Server Disk upload TCP Ports=3015 (HTTP), 3515 (HTTPS)

Internal connections

By default, the App Layering service uses the following ports in your firewall for internal connections between the appliance and each of its destinations.

In the table, the following shorthand is used:

  • Appliance - The App Layering virtual appliance.
  • Agent - refers to the App Layering agent.
  • Admin user - A management console user who is assigned the App Layering Admin role.
App Layering Source App Layering Destination Activity Protocol Ports
Agent Appliance Initial registration TCP 443
Appliance Agent Communication TCP 8016
Agent Appliance Log deliveries from agent TCP 8787
Appliance vCenter, ESXI hosts Communication with datastore via ESXI host TCP 443
Admin user Appliance Log download TCP 8888
Appliance Active directory LDAP TCP 389, 636
Appliance Packaging and publishing machines Communication TCP 443
Publishing machine Appliance Communication TCP 443
Packaging machine Appliance Layer disk access via iSCSI TCP 3260
Admin user Appliance Azure connector communication TCP 3000 (HTTP), 3500 (HTTPS)
Appliance Azure Communication TCP 443
Admin user Appliance Citrix Provisioning connector communication TCP 3009 (HTTP), 3509 (HTTPS)
Agent on Citrix Provisioning server Appliance Disk download TCP 3009 (HTTP), 3509 (HTTPS)
Admin user Appliance Hyper-V connector communication TCP 3012 (HTTP), 3512 (HTTPS)
Agent on Hyper-V server Appliance Disk download TCP 3012 (HTTP), 3512 (HTTPS)
Agent on Hyper-V server Appliance Disk upload TCP 3015 (HTTP), 3515 (HTTPS)
Admin user Appliance vSphere connector communication TCP 3004 (HTTP), 3504 (HTTPS)
Appliance vSphere Communication TCP 443
Admin user Appliance Citrix Hypervisor connector communication TCP 3002 (HTTP), 3502 (HTTPS)
Appliance Citrix Hypervisor Communication TCP 5900
Admin user Appliance Nutanix connector communication TCP 3006 (HTTP), 3506 (HTTPS)
Appliance Prism Communication TCP 9440

External connection

By default, uses the following port in your firewall for external connections between the App Layering appliance and the destination listed below.

Note:

These URLs are only accessible by the appliance using the credentials defined for it. Attempting to browse these sites will result in an error message.

App Layering Destination Activity Protocol Ports
https://applayeringwebapi.azurewebsites.net API Access TCP 443
http://alcdn.citrix.com/ Download upgrade media TCP 80

OS image, a Citrix Hypervisor requirement

Destination Activity Protocol Ports
Citrix Hypervisor Communication TCP 5900

Key ports

Basic appliance management and access (always required)

  • HTTP - Port 80
  • HTTPS - Port 443
  • SSH - Port 22
  • Log downloads - Port 8888

Servers

  • Active Directory server - Port 389 - LDAP protocol
  • Active Directory server - Port 636 - LDAPS protocol
  • Active Directory server - Port 53 - DNS protocol
  • Windows file servers, SMB - Port 445 - SMB protocol
  • Network time servers - Port 123 - NTP protocol
  • Unix file servers - Port 2049 - NFS protocol
  • DHCP server, DHCP - Port 67 - UDP protocol
  • App Layering appliance - Port 68 - DHCP protocol

App Layering agent

The agent uses the following ports for communications with itself and the appliance.

  • Appliance to agent server:

    • Commands from appliance/SOAP - Port 8016
  • Agent server to appliance:

    • Registration - Port 443 HTTPS
    • Log export - Port 8787
    • Citrix Provisioning disk download - Ports 3009 HTTP, 3509 HTTPS
    • Hyper-V disk download - Ports 3012 HTTP, 3512 HTTPS
    • Hyper-V disk upload - Ports 3015 HTTP, 3515 HTTPS

Connectors to hypervisors and provisioning services

Connectors on the appliance allow the appliance to communicate directly with the supported hypervisors and provisioning services.

  • Citrix Hypervisor - Port 5900
  • Citrix Provisioning - Port 8016 (App Layering agent)
  • Microsoft Azure management - Port 443
  • Microsoft Hyper-V - Port 8016 (App Layering agent)
  • Nutanix AHV - Port 9440
  • VMware vSphere - Port 443 - Virtual Center, and ESX hosts for disk transfers

Firewall ports