These settings let you control user activities within Workspace Environment Management.
To control which applications users can run, you can use either the Windows AppLocker interface, or Workspace Environment Management to manage Windows AppLocker rules. You can switch between these approaches at any time but we recommend that you do not use both approaches at the same time.
These settings allow you to control the applications users are permitted to run by defining rules. This functionality is similar to Windows AppLocker. When you use Workspace Environment Management to manage Windows AppLocker rules, the agent processes (converts) Application Security tab rules into Windows AppLocker rules on the agent host. If you stop the agent processing rules, they are preserved in the configuration set and AppLocker continues running by using the last set of instructions processed by the agent.
This tab lists the application security rules in the current Workspace Environment Management configuration set. You can use Find to filter the list according to a text string.
When you select the top-level item “Application Security” in the Security tab, the following options become available to enable or disable rule processing:
Process Application Security Rules. When selected, the Application Security tab controls are enabled and the agent processes rules in the current configuration set, converting them into AppLocker rules on the agent host. When not selected, the Application Security tab controls are disabled and the agent does not process rules into AppLocker rules. (In this case AppLocker rules are not updated.)
This option is not available if the Workspace Environment Management administration console is installed on Windows 7 SP1 or Windows Server 2008 R2 SP1 (or earlier versions).
Process DLL Rules. When selected, the agent processes DLL rules in the current configuration set into AppLocker DLL rules on the agent host. This option is only available when you select Process Application Security Rules.
If you use DLL rules, you must create a DLL rule with “Allow” permission for each DLL that is used by all the allowed apps.
If you use DLL rules, users may experience a reduction in performance. This happens because AppLocker checks each DLL that an app loads before it is allowed to run.
The Overwrite and Merge settings let you determine how the agent processes application security rules.
- Overwrite. Lets you overwrite existing rules. When selected, the rules that are processed last overwrite rules that were processed earlier. We recommend that you apply this mode only to single-session machines.
- Merge. Lets you merge rules with existing rules. When conflicts occur, the rules that are processed last overwrite rules that were processed earlier.
Rules belong to AppLocker rule collections. Each collection name indicates how many rules it contains, for example (12). Click a collection name to filter the rule list to one of the following collections:
- Executable Rules. Rules which include files with the .exe and .com extensions that are associated with an application.
- Windows Rules. Rules which include installer file formats (.msi, .msp, .mst) which control the installation of files on client computers and servers.
- Script Rules. Rules which include files of the following formats: .ps1, .bat, .cmd, .vbs, .js.
- Packaged Rules. Rules which include packaged apps, also known as Universal Windows apps. In packaged apps, all files within the app package share the same identity. Therefore, one rule can control the entire app. Workspace Environment Management supports only publisher rules for packaged apps.
- DLL Rules. Rules which include files of the following formats: .dll, .ocx.
When you filter the rule list to a collection, the Rule enforcement option is available to control how AppLocker enforces all rules in that collection on the agent host. The following rule enforcement values are possible:
Off (default). Rules are created and set to “off,” which means they are not applied.
On. Rules are created and set to “enforce,” which means they are active on the agent host.
Audit. Rules are created and set to “audit,” which means they are on the agent host in an inactive state. When a user runs an app that violates an AppLocker rule, the app is allowed to run and the information about the app is added to the AppLocker event log.
To import AppLocker rules
You can import rules already exported from AppLocker into Workspace Environment Management. Imported Windows AppLocker settings are added to any existing rules in the Security tab. Any invalid application security rules are automatically deleted and listed in a report dialog, which you can export.
1. In the ribbon, click Import AppLocker Rules.
2. Browse to the XML file exported from AppLocker containing your AppLocker rules.
3. Click Import.
The rules are added to the Application Security rules list.
To add a rule
1. Select a rule collection name in the sidebar. For example, to add an executable rule select the “Executable Rules” collection.
2. Click Add Rule.
3. In the Display section, type the following details:
Name. The display name of the rule as it appears in the rule list.
Description. Additional information about the resource (optional).
4. In the Type section, click an option:
Path. The rule matches a file path or folder path.
Publisher. The rule matches a selected publisher.
Hash. The rule matches a specific hash code.
5. In the Permissions section, click whether this rule will Allow or Deny applications from running.
6. To assign this rule to users or user groups, in the Assignments pane, choose users or groups to assign this rule to. The “Assigned” column shows a “check” icon for assigned users or groups.
Tip: You can use the usual Windows selection modifier keys to make multiple selections, or use Select All to select all rows.
Tip: Users must already be in the Workspace Environment Management Users list.
Tip: You can assign rules after the rule is created.
7. Click Next.
8. Specify the criteria the rule matches, depending on the rule type you choose:
Path. Specify a file path or folder path the rule to match. When you choose a folder, the rule matches all files inside and below that folder.
Publisher. Specify a signed reference file, and then use the Publisher Info slider to tune the level of property matching.
Hash. Specify a file. The rule matches the hash code of the file.
9. Click Next.
10. Add any exceptions you require (optional). In Add exception, choose an exception type then click Add. (You can Edit and Remove exceptions as required.)
11. To save the rule, click Create.
To assign rules to users
Select one or more rules in the list, then click Edit in the toolbar or context menu. In the editor, select the rows containing the users and user groups you want to assign the rule to, then click OK. You can also unassign the selected rules from everyone using Select All to clear all selections.
Note: If you select multiple rules and click Edit, any rule assignment changes for those rules are applied to all users and user groups you select. In other words, existing rule assignments are merged across those rules.
To add default rules
Click Add Default Rules. A set of AppLocker default rules is added to the list.
To edit rules
Select one or more rules in the list, then click Edit in the toolbar or context menu. The editor appears allowing you to adjust settings which apply to the selection you made.
To delete rules
Select one or more rules in the list, then click Delete in the toolbar or context menu.
To back up application security rules
You can back up all application security rules in your current configuration set. Rules are all exported as a single XML file. You can use Restore to restore the rules to any configuration set. In the ribbon, click Backup then select Security Settings.
To restore application security rules
You can restore application security rules from XML files created by the Workspace Environment Management backup command. The restore process replaces the rules in the current configuration set with those rules in the backup. When you switch to or refresh the Security tab, any invalid application security rules are detected. Invalid rules are automatically deleted and listed in a report dialog, which you can export.
During the restore process, you can choose whether you want to restore rule assignments to users and user groups in your current configuration set. Reassignment only succeeds if the backed-up users/groups are present in your current configuration set/active directory. Any mismatched rules are restored but remain unassigned. After restore, they are listed in a report dialog which you can export in CSV format.
1. In the ribbon, click Restore to start the restore wizard.
2. Select Security settings, then click Next twice.
3. In Restore from folder, browse to the folder containing the backup file.
4. Select AppLocker Rule Settings, then click Next.
5. Confirm whether you want to restore rule assignments or not:
Yes. Restore rules and reassign them to the same users and user groups in your current configuration set.
No. Restore rules and leave them unassigned.
6. To start restoring, click Restore Settings.
These settings allow you to whitelist or blacklist specific processes.
Enable Process Management. This toggles whether process whitelists/blacklists are in effect. If disabled, none of the settings on the Process BlackList and Process WhileList tabs are taken into account.
This option only works if the session agent is running in the user’s session. To do this use the Main Configuration Agent settings to set the Launch Agent options (at Logon/at Reconnect/for Admins) to launch according to the user/session type, and set Agent Type to “UI”. These options are described in Advanced Settings.
These settings allow you to blacklist specific processes.
Enable Process Blacklist. This enables process blacklisting. You must add processes by using their executable name (for example, cmd.exe).
Exclude Local Administrators. Excludes local administrator accounts from the process blacklisting.
Exclude Specified Groups. Allows you to exclude specific user groups from process blacklisting.
These settings allow you to whitelist specific processes. Process blacklists and process whitelists are mutually exclusive.
Enable Process Whitelist. This enables process whitelisting. You must add processes by using their executable name (for example, cmd.exe). Note If enabled, Enable Process Whitelist automatically blacklists all processes not in the whitelist.
Exclude Local Administrators. Excludes local administrator accounts from the process whitelisting (they are able to run all processes).
Exclude Specified Groups. Allows you to exclude specific user groups from process whitelisting (they are able to run all processes).
The privilege elevation feature lets you elevate the privileges of non-administrative users to an administrator level necessary for some executables. As a result, the users can start those executables as if they are members of the administrators group.
When you select the Privilege Elevation pane in Security, the following options appear:
Process Privilege Elevation Settings. Controls whether to enable the privilege elevation feature. When selected, enables agents to process privilege elevation settings and other options on the Privilege Elevation tab become available.
Do Not Apply to Windows Server OSs. Controls whether to apply privilege elevation settings to Windows Server operating systems. If selected, rules assigned to users do not work on Windows Server machines. By default, this option is selected.
Enforce RunAsInvoker. Controls whether to force all executables to run under the current Windows account. If selected, users are not prompted to run executables as administrators.
This tab also displays the complete list of rules that you have configured. Click Executable Rules or Windows Installer Rules to filter the rule list to a specific rule type. You can use Find to filter the list. The Assigned column displays a check mark icon for assigned users or user groups.
You can apply privilege elevation using two types of rules: executable rules and Windows installer rules.
Executable Rules. Rules that include files with .exe and .com extensions associated with an application.
Windows Installer Rules. Rules that include installer files with.msi and .msp extensions associated with an application. When you add Windows installer rules, keep the following scenario in mind:
- Privilege elevation applies only to Microsoft’s msiexec.exe. Make sure that the tool you use to deploy
.mspWindows installer files is msiexec.exe.
- Suppose that a process matches a specified Windows installer rule and its parent process matches a specified executable rule. The process cannot get elevated privileges unless the Apply to Child Processes setting is enabled in the specified executable rule.
- Privilege elevation applies only to Microsoft’s msiexec.exe. Make sure that the tool you use to deploy
After you click the Executable Rules or the Windows Installer Rules tab, the Actions section displays the following actions available to you:
Edit. Lets you edit an existing executable rule.
Delete. Lets you delete an existing executable rule.
Add Rule. Lets you add an executable rule.
To add a rule
Navigate to Executable Rules or Windows Installer Rules and click Add Rule. The Add Rule window appears.
In the Display section, type the following:
- Name. Type the display name of the rule. The name appears in the rule list.
- Description. Type additional information about the rule.
In the Type section, select an option.
- Path. The rule matches a file path.
- Publisher. The rule matches a selected publisher.
- Hash. The rule matches a specific hash code.
In the Settings section, configure the following if needed:
Apply to Child Processes. If selected, applies the rule to all child processes that the executable starts. To manage privilege elevation at a more granular level, use the following options:
- Apply only to executables in the same folder. If selected, applies the rule only to executables that share the same folder.
- Apply only to signed executables. If selected, applies the rule only to executables that are signed.
- Apply only to executables of the same publisher. If selected, applies the rule only to executables that share the same publisher information. This setting does not work with Universal Windows Platform (UWP) apps.
When you add Windows install rules, the Apply to Child Processes setting is enabled by default and you cannot edit it.
Start Time. Lets you specify a time for agents to start applying the rule. The time format is HH:MM. The time is based on the agent time zone.
End Time. Lets you specify a time for agents to stop applying the rule. The time format is HH:MM. From the specified time onward, agents no longer apply the rule. The time is based on the agent time zone.
Add Parameter. Lets you restrict privilege elevation to executables that match the specified parameter. The parameter works as a match criterion. Make sure that the parameter you specify is correct. For an example of how to use this feature, see Executables running with parameters. If this field is empty or contains only blank spaces, the agent applies privilege elevation to relevant executables whether or not they run with parameters.
Enable Regular Expressions. Lets you control whether to use regular expressions to further expand the criterion.
In the Assignments section, select users or user groups to which you want to assign the rule. If you want to assign the rule to all users and user groups, select Select All.
- You can use the usual Windows selection modifier keys to make multiple selections.
- Users or user groups must already be in the list displayed on the Administration > Users tab.
- You can choose to assign the rule later (after the rule is created).
Do either of the following. Different actions are needed depending on the rule type you selected in the preceding page.
WEM provides you with a tool named AppInfoViewer to obtain the following information and more from executable files: publisher, path, and hash. The tool can be useful if you want to provide relevant information for applications to be configured in the management console. For example, you can use the tool to extract relevant information from applications when using the application security feature. The tool is located in the agent installation folder.
- Path. Type the path to the file or folder to which you want to apply the rule. The WEM agent applies the rule to an executable according to the executable file path.
- Publisher. Fill out the following fields: Publisher, Product name, File name, and File version. You cannot leave any of the fields empty, but you can type an asterisk (*) instead. The WEM agent applies the rule according to publisher information. If applied, users can run executables that share the same publisher information.
- Hash. Click Add to add a hash. In the Add Hash window, type the file name and the hash value. You can use the AppInfoViewer tool to create a hash from a selected file or folder. The WEM agent applies the rule to identical executables as specified. As a result, users can run executables that are identical to the specified one.
Click Create to save the rule and to exit the window.
Executables running with parameters
You can restrict privilege elevation to executables that match the specified parameter. The parameter works as a match criterion. To see parameters available to an executable, use tools such as Process Explorer or Process Monitor. Apply the parameters that appear in those tools.
Suppose you want to apply the rule to an executable (for example, cmd.exe) according to the executable file path. You want to apply privilege elevation only to
test.bat. You can use Process Explorer to get the parameters.
In the Add Parameter field, you can type the following:
You then type the following in the Path field:
In this case, you elevate the privilege of the specified users to an administrator level only for
To assign rules to users
Select one or more rules in the list and then click Edit in the Actions section. In the Edit Rule window, select users or user groups to which you want to assign the rule and then click OK.
To delete rules
Select one or more rules in the list and then click Delete in the Actions section.
To back up privilege elevation rules
You can back up all privilege elevation rules in your current configuration set. All rules are exported as a single XML file. You can use Restore to restore the rules to any configuration set.
To complete the backup, use the Backup wizard, available in the ribbon. For more information about using the Backup wizard, see Ribbon.
To restore privilege elevation rules
You can restore privilege elevation rules from XML files exported through the Workspace Environment Management Backup wizard. The restore process replaces the rules in the current configuration set with those rules in the backup. When you switch to or refresh the Security > Privilege Elevation pane, any invalid privilege elevation rules are detected. Invalid rules are automatically deleted and listed in a report that you can export. For more information about using the Restore wizard, see Ribbon.
Auditing privilege elevation activities
WEM supports auditing activities related to privilege elevation. To view the audits, go to the Administration > Logging > Agent tab. On the tab, configure logging settings, select EXE elevation control or MSI elevation control in the Actions field, and then click Apply Filter to narrow the logs to specific activities. You can view the entire history of privilege elevation.