System requirements and compatibility

The system requirements in this article were valid when this Citrix Provisioning version was released. Updates are made periodically. Components not covered here (such as StoreFront, host systems, and Citrix Receivers) are described in their respective documentation.

Important

Review the pre-installation tasks article before installing Citrix Provisioning.

Unless otherwise noted, the component installer deploys software prerequisites automatically (such as .NET elements) if the required versions are not detected on the machine. The Citrix installation media also contains some of this prerequisite software.

For internationalization information, see Global Status of Citrix Products.

Database

The following databases are supported: Microsoft SQL Server 2008 SP3 through 2016 (x86, x64, and Express editions).

Database clustering is supported.

Note

See Supported Databases for Citrix Virtual Apps and Desktop Components in the Knowledge Center for additional information about supported databases and clients.

License

The Citrix Licensing Server download for this release is included with the Citrix Virtual Apps and Desktop installation media. Use the most recent Citrix License Server to get the latest features.

Important

Citrix Provisioning servers must be connected to the license server to operate successfully. Use the most recent version of the Citrix License Server to get the latest features. Citrix recommends that you upgrade the License Server before upgrading Citrix Provisioning to avoid any licensing conflicts related to grace periods. For more information, see Licensing.

Provisioning server

  • Operating systems: The following operating systems are supported: Windows Server 2019 Standard and data center editions, Windows Server 2016 Standard, and data center editions, Windows Server 2012 R2; Standard, Essential, and data center editions, Windows Server 2008 R2, and Windows Server 2008 R2 SP1; Standard, Enterprise, and data center editions. English, Japanese, and Simplified Chinese versions are supported.
  • Processors: The following processors are supported: Intel or AMD x64 compatible; 2 GHz minimum; 3 GHz preferred; 3.5 GHz Dual Core/HT or similar for loads greater than 250 target devices.
  • Storage: A Provisioning Server can have many vDisks stored on it, and each disk can be several GB in size. Improve your streaming performance by using a RAID array, SAN, or NAS. There must be enough space on the hard disk to store the vDisks. For example, if you have a 15 GB hard drive, you can only create a 14 GB virtual disk. More requirements depend on several factors such as:
    • Hard disk capacity – the requirements of the operating system and applications running on a target device. Citrix recommends adding 20% to the base size of the final installed image.
    • Private Image Mode – the number of target devices using a virtual disk in private image mode. vDisks in private image mode are backed up daily.
    • Standard Image Mode – the number of target devices using a virtual disk in standard image mode. Best practice is to include making a copy of every virtual disk created. Minimum estimated common storage sizes: 250 MB for the database, 5 GB on a clean Windows system, 15 GB per virtual disk for Vista Class images.
  • Network adaptor: Static IP, Minimum 100 MB Ethernet, 1 GB Ethernet preferred; Dual 1 GB Ethernet for more than 250 target devices. Two NICs often perform better than a single dual-ported NIC.
  • Citrix Provisioning dependencies: The Citrix Provisioning server install program requires Microsoft NET 4.7.1 and Windows PowerShell 3.0.

Note

A single provisioning server can support up to 4,095 target devices.

Network

The following list describes each network type and the associated port.

UDP and TCP ports

  • Provisioning server to provisioning server communication: Each provisioning server must be configured to use the same ports (UDP) to communicate with each other using the Messaging Manager. At least five ports must exist in the selected port range. Configure the port range on the Stream Services dialog when running the Configuration Wizard.

    Note

    If you are configuring for high availability, all provisioning servers selected as failover servers must reside within the same site. High availability is not intended to cross between sites.

    Default port range (UDP): 6890–6909

  • Provisioning servers to target device communication: Each provisioning server must be configured to use the same ports (UDP) to communicate with target devices using the StreamProcess. The port range is configured using the Console Network tab on the Server Properties dialog.

    Note

    The first 3 ports are reserved for Citrix Provisioning.

    Default port range (UDP): 6910–6930

  • Target device to Citrix Provisioning communication: Unlike provisioning servers to target device port numbers, target device to Citrix Provisioning communication cannot be configured.

    Ports (UDP): 6901, 6902, 6905

  • Login server communication: Each provisioning server used as a login server must be configured on the Stream Servers Boot List dialog when running the Configuration wizard.

    Default port (UDP): 6910

  • Citrix Provisioning console communication: The SOAP Server is used when accessing the provisioning console. The ports (TCP) are configured on the Stream Services dialog when running the Configuration Wizard. For PowerShell: MCLI-Run SetupConnection. For MCLI: MCLI Run SetupConnection.

Trivial File Transfer Protocol (TFTP)

  • The TFTP port value is stored in the registry: HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\BNTFTP\Parameters Port

    Default port (TFTP): 69

TSB

  • The TSB port value is stored in the registry: HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\PVSTSB\Parameters Port

    Default port (UDP): 6969

    Port Fast: Port Fast must be enabled

    Network card: PXE 0.99j, PXE 2.1 or later

    Addressing: DHCP

Target device

In most implementations, there is a single virtual disk providing a standard image for multiple target devices. To simplify virtual disk and target device maintenance, create and maintain fewer vDisks and assign more target devices to each virtual disk.

Tip

When using the virtual disk Imaging Wizard for a target device, problems appear related to some Microsoft components which are not installed. For example, operating systems that do not have Microsoft Visual C++ generate an error message similar to:

api-ms-win-crt-runtime-11-1-01.dll is missing

Citrix recommends that all Windows updates and components are current before installing Citrix Provisioning.

To have a single virtual disk, all target devices must have certain similarities to ensure that the OS has necessary drivers required to run properly. The three key components are the motherboard, network card, or video card.

Install and configure the Microsoft NIC teaming driver or OEM NIC teaming software before you install the target device software.

Tip

The Unified Extensible Firmware Interface (UEFI) is supported. However, consider that this support extends to physical machines that support UEFI. Secure boot is only supported on Hyper-V 2016 and newer versions. ESX must use version 6.5 or newer for secure boot implementations.

Identify target devices by the operating system running on the device.

Note

Dual boot virtual disk images are not supported.

The operating systems identified in the following list are supported for target devices:

  • Operating System: Windows Server 2019 Standard and data center editions, Windows Server 2016 Standard, and data center editions, Windows 10 (32-bit or 64-bit); all editions. Note the following:

    • Support for the publicly available version at the time of the release. Windows 8.1 (32-bit or 64-bit); all editions. Windows 7 SP1 (32-bit or 64-bit); Enterprise, Professional, Ultimate.
    • The Ultimate edition of Windows 7 is supported only in private image mode. Windows Server 2016 Windows Server 2012 R2; Standard, Essential, and data center editions; Windows Server 2008 R2 and Windows Server 2008 R2 SP1; Standard, data center, and Enterprise editions.
    • Ensure that all Windows updates are current before installing Citrix Provisioning components. Sometimes, you have to install numerous updates. Citrix recommends that you reboot after installing all Windows updates.
    • Windows 10 v1803 target devices with virtual disk cache type set to Cache in device RAM possibly crash when booting.
    • Citrix Provisioning supports Windows 10 Fall Creator v1709, however, a target device with this OS cannot boot from a virtual disk in private image mode.
    • Windows 10 v1809 (x86 and x64) creates a page file error.

Note

For Windows 10 1803, this issue does not exist between versions 17134.0–17134.523. However, the issue appears when using Windows 10 1803 version 17134.556. See the Microsoft site for more information. For Windows 10 1809, this issue appears between versions 17763.0–17763.253. The issue is resolved in Windows 10 1809 version 17763.292. See the Microsoft site for more information.

Note

Citrix Provisioning does not support Windows 10 IoT Core and Windows 10 IoT Enterprise. See the Microsoft site for more information.

  • Gen 2 VMs: For Gen 2 VMs in a Citrix Virtual Apps and Desktops environment, the following operating systems are supported:
    • Windows 2016
    • Windows 10 (with or without secure boot)
    • Windows Server 2016, Windows Server 2012 R2; Standard, Essential, and data center editions
  • Linux streaming: For Linux streaming, the following operating systems are supported: Ubuntu desktop versions 16.04, 16.04.1 and 16.04.2 (with the 4.4.x kernel)
    • When using these distributions for Linux streaming, consider that the provisioning installer requires that the Linux kernel package version is greater than or equal to version 4.4.0.53. The installer automatically provides the correct version during the installation process. Red Hat Enterprise Linux Server 7.2, 7.3. CentOS 7.2, 7.3. SUSE Linux Enterprise Server (SLES) 12.1, 12.2 are supported.
    • The default kernel used for Ubuntu 16.04.2 is version 4.8. This kernel version is not currently supported.
    • If you are using Linux streaming functionality, no new installation packages are provided at this release. Use the Provisioning Services 7.15 Linux DEB/RPM package. For example, after downloading the Citrix Provisioning 1808 ISO, the target software for CentOS/Red Hat is pvs_RED_HAT_7.15_18089_x86_64.rpm.
  • More dependencies: .NET 4.7.1 (default)
  • Microsoft licensing: Consider the following when using Microsoft licensing keys with target devices:
    • Windows 10, Windows 8.1, Windows 8, Windows 7, Windows Server 2016, Windows Server 2012 R2, and Windows Server 2008R2 are deployed using either the Key Management Server (KMS) or with Microsoft Multiple Activation Key (MAK) volume licensing keys.
    • Windows Office 2010, Office 2013, and Office 2016 are deployed using KMS licensing. Volume licensing is configured within the virtual disk image when the Imaging Wizard is run on the Master target device. Volume licensing is configured for the virtual disk file on the Microsoft Volume Licensing tab, which is available from the Console vDisk File Properties dialog.
    • In order for MAK licensing to work, the Volume Activation Management Tool (VAMT) for that client OS must be installed on all login servers within a farm. In addition, both Private and Standard Image Modes support MAK and KMS.
  • File system type: NTFS. For Linux streaming, the following file system types are supported: EXT4, BTRFS, XFS.

Note

Supported operating systems include English on English, Japanese, German, French, Spanish, Simplified Chinese, Traditional Chinese, Korean, and Russian versions.

Citrix Provisioning console

Processor: Minimum 1 GHz, 2 GHz preferred

Memory: Minimum 1 GB, 2 GB preferred

Hard disk: Minimum 500 MB

Operating systems:

  • Windows Server 2019 Standard and data center editions
  • Windows Server 2016 Standard and data center editions
  • Windows Server 2012 R2; Standard, Essential, and data center editions
  • Windows Server 2008 R2 and Windows Server 2008 R2 SP1 Standard, data center, and Enterprise editions
  • Windows 10 (32-bit or 64-bit)
  • Windows 8.1 (32-bit or 64-bit); all editions
  • Windows 8 (32-bit or 64-bit); all editions
  • Windows 7 (32-bit or 64-bit)
  • More dependencies: MMC 3.0, Microsoft .NET 4.7.1, Windows PowerShell 3.0

Store

Ensure that the store can communicate with the Citrix Provisioning database.

Citrix Virtual Apps and Desktops Setup wizard

The Citrix Virtual Apps and Desktops Setup wizard can only operate with the equivalent version of the Citrix Virtual Apps and Desktops controller. The version levels must be the same. In addition:

  • One or more configured Citrix Virtual Apps and Desktops hosts with identical templates must exist.
  • Create a device collection in the Citrix Provisioning site.
  • The virtual disk assigned to each VM must be in standard image mode.

More requirements include:

Permissions:

Consider the following:

  • A Citrix Virtual Apps and Desktops controller must exist with permissions for the current user.
  • vCenter, SCVMM, and XenServer minimum permissions must be configured.
  • A user accessing the Citrix Provisioning console must be configured as a Citrix Virtual Apps and Desktops administrator. The administrator must also exist in the provisioning SiteAdmin group.
  • If you are using Citrix Provisioning with Citrix Virtual Apps and Desktops, the SOAP Server user account must have Citrix Virtual Apps and Desktops full administrator privileges.
  • When creating accounts in the Console, the user needs the Active Directory Create Accounts permission. To use existing accounts, Active Directory accounts have to exist in a known OU for selection.
  • When creating a machine catalog in Citrix Virtual Apps and Desktops, the boot device file is created automatically. Creating it automatically eliminates the need to boot using PXE. An unformatted write cache disk is automatically attached and formatted on first boot.
  • When updating the Virtual Delivery Agent (VDA) on the virtual disk image, set the appropriate functional level for the Citrix Virtual Apps and Desktops catalog using the Citrix Virtual Apps and Desktops console. See the Citrix Virtual Apps and Desktops upgrade topics for more information.
  • If you are importing an Active Directory .csv file, use the following format: <name>,<type>,<description>.
  • The CSV file must contain the column header. For example, the csv file contents are:Name,Type,Description, PVSPC01,Computer,, The trailing comma must be present to signify three values, even if there is no description. The trailing comma formatt is the same formatting used by the Active Directory Users and Computers MMC when exporting the contents of an organizational unit. If you are using personal vDisks with Citrix Virtual Apps and Desktops, the SOAP Server user account must have Citrix Virtual Apps and Desktops full administrator privileges.

SCVMM:

  • SCVMM servers require that PowerShell 2.0 is installed and configured for the number of planned connections.
  • The number of required connections for an SCVMM server is greater than or equal to the number of hosted hypervisors used by the setup wizard for virtual machine cloning. For example: to set connections to 25 from a PowerShell prompt, run: winrm set winrm/config/winrs @{MaxShellsPerUser="25"}winrm set winrm/config/winrs @{MaxConcurrentUsers="25"}
  • For Microsoft SCVMM to support Citrix Virtual Apps and Desktops, run the following PowerShell command: set-ExecutionPolicy unrestricted on SCVMM. For Microsoft SCVMM, verify that the MAC address for the template is not 00-00-00-00-00-00 before attempting to clone the template.
  • If necessary, use the Template Properties dialog to assign a MAC address.

More requirements:

  • If you are running a vCenter server on alternate ports, the following registry modifications must be made to connect to it using Citrix Provisioning: Create a new key HKLM\Software\Citrix\ProvisioningServices\PlatformEsx - Create a string in the Platform ESX key named ServerConnectionString and set it to <http://{0}:PORT\#/sdk>
  • If you are using port 300, set ServerConnectionString=<http://{0}:300/sdk>.
  • If you are using multiple NICs, the Citrix Virtual Apps and Desktops Setup Wizard assumes that the first NIC is the Citrix Provisioning NIC. The Setup Wizard changes it in accordance with the virtual machine network in the domain controller. This item is the first NIC listed in the virtual machines properties.
  • To use the Synthetic switch-over feature, both the first legacy NIC and the synthetic NIC must be on the same network.
  • If the Citrix Virtual Apps and Desktops set up wizard is used with SCVMM, both the first legacy and the synthetic NICs’ network change according to the network resource. These NICs are set by Citrix Virtual Apps and Desktops, or by the user if the SCVMM host has multiple network resources.
  • Multi-NIC support exists for Citrix Virtual Apps and Desktops.
  • Legacy Citrix Virtual Apps and Desktop agents are supported on VMs. For details, see VDA requirements in the Citrix Virtual Apps and Desktops documentation.

Streamed VM wizard setup

Streamed VM Wizard requirements include:

  • One or more hypervisor hosts must exist with a configured template.
  • A device collection must exist in the Citrix Provisioning site.
  • A virtual disk in standard image mode must exist, and must be associated with the selected VM template.

More requirements include:

Template VM:

  • Boot order: Network/PXE must be listed first (as with physical machines).
  • Hard disks: If you are using local write cache, an NTFS formatted disk large enough for the cache must exist. Otherwise, no hard disks are required.
  • Network: Static MAC addresses. If you are using XenServer, the address cannot be 00-00-00-00-00-00. Before attempting to create a template from a VM, ensure that the VM is fully operational.

Permissions:

  • The Citrix Provisioning console user account is added to a provisioning SiteAdmin group or above.
  • If you are using Active Directory, when creating accounts in the console, they must possess the Active Directory Create Accounts permission. To use existing accounts, they must exist in a known OU for the selection.

ESD server requirements for virtual disk update management

ESD server requirements include:

  • WSUS server: 3.0 SP2
  • SCCM: SSCM 2016, SCCM 2012 R2, SCCM 2012 SP1, SCCM 2012

Hypervisor

For a list of supported hypervisors, see Citrix Virtual Apps and Desktops and Citrix Provisioning Hypervisor support.

More requirements for each supported hypervisor are described in the following sections:

Citrix Hypervisor 5.6 and newer

The template MAC address cannot be 00-00-00-00-00-00-00.

Nutanix Acropolis

Nutanix Acropolis hypervisors are supported using the Citrix Virtual Apps and Desktops Setup Wizard. The following are not supported:

  • Linux VMs
  • Boot Device Manager (BDM) partition
  • UEFI

For configuration information, see Deploying virtual desktops to VMs using the Citrix Virtual Apps and Desktops Configuration Wizard.

Important

An Acropolis hypervisor (AHV) plug-in from Nutanix that supports Citrix Provisioning is required. Download this plug-in from the Nutanix support site. See the Nutanix documentation site for installation information.

System Center Virtual Machine Manager (SCVMM) VMM 2012 and newer

Consider the following when configuring this type of hypervisor:

  • VMM 2012, 2012 SP1, and 2012 R2 are different from each other.
  • When creating a machine template for VMM 2012 only, ensure that it has a similar hard disk drive structure and that it can boot from a virtual disk in Private Image mode. Examples:
    • To PXE boot a VM with write cache, create a VM with one hard disk drive.
    • To use Boot Device Manager (BDM) to boot a VM with write cache, create a VM with two hard disk drives.
    • To use BDM to boot a VM that uses a Personal vDisk and write cache, create a VM with three hard disk drives.
  • For Synthetic NIC Switch Over, boot using legacy NIC and then stream using synthetic NIC, both the legacy and the synthetic NICs must be in the same VLAN in the template VMs. The Citrix Virtual Apps and Desktops Set Up Wizard changes the VLAN of both NICs to the VLAN selected when running the Wizard. This process uses two IP addresses.
  • When running the imaging wizard, make sure you select the legacy NIC’s MAC address.
  • Citrix Provisioning does not support multiple legacy NICs in the VMM’s VM. VMM uses the last legacy NIC. The Citrix Virtual Apps and Desktops Set Up Wizard always uses the first NIC, regardless of whether it is legacy or synthetic.
  • When creating a VMM template, make sure you select None – customization not required as the Guest OS profile in Configure Operating System menu.
  • When using the Citrix Virtual Apps and Desktops Set Up Wizard, the targets are created but are not bootable. An error appears Device not found in the Citrix Provisioning database. The reason is that the template has the legacy and synthetic NICs in reverse order: synthetic is NIC 1 and legacy is NIC 2. To resolve this issue, delete the NICs in the template. Make a legacy NIC 1 and synthetic NIC 2.

VMware vSphere ESX 4.1 and newer

  • Supported Citrix Provisioning PXE NIC: ESX 4.x – E1000, ESX 5.0 and newer – VMXNET3
  • Template VM and the master VM: Both must have the same guest operating system, configuration, and virtual machine version. Mismatches cause the process to stop unexpectedly.
  • Citrix Provisioning and ESX VM version:
    • vCenter 5.5 defaults to virtual machine version 8, which is for ESX 5.0.
    • The virtual machine version must be changed before OS installation.
    • The template and the master VM must have the same virtual machine version.
  • Windows 7 and Windows 2008 R2 with VMXNET NICs: - Windows 7 and Windows 2008 R2 without service packs: Install the Microsoft iSCSI hotfix http://support.microsoft.com/kb/2344941 and restart the VM before installing Citrix Provisioning target device software.
    • Windows 7 and Windows 2008 R2 with Service Pack 1: Install Microsoft iSCSI hotfix http://support.microsoft.com/kb/2550978 and restart the VM before installing Citrix Provisioning target device software.
  • ESX:
    • For ESX 5.0 only, the Interrupt Safe Mode must be enabled on the Citrix Provisioning bootstrap. Otherwise, the VM displays a partial MAC address during reboot
    • With ESX 5.5, a VM created using the Web client defaults to virtual hardware version 10, ESX 5.5. A VM created using the vSphere client defaults to version 8, ESX 5.0.
    • When creating a ESXi 5.5 template using the vSphere web client, you can only create hardware version 10 templates. Be sure to modify the template CD/DVD drive virtual mode from SATA to IDE. Remove the SATA controller if you are planning to use the VMXNet3 driver. Removing the controller ensures that the template is compatible with the Citrix Virtual Apps and Desktops Setup Wizard. The wizard requires target drives that are attached using the SCSI driver.
    • When using multiple NICs in ESX VM, the order of the NICs in the VM’s properties, BIOS, and OS differ. Consider this configuration when making your choices for the streaming NIC. This is the first NIC in the VM’s properties. You can choose the PXE NIC in the BIOS.
  • Host record: Regardless of the ESX version, the host’s address for the Citrix Virtual Apps and Desktops host is the vCenter system. Do not enter the address used by the web client.

Linux streaming

If you are using Linux streaming functionality, no new installation packages are provided at this release. Use the Provisioning Services 7.15 Linux DEB/RPM package. For example, after downloading the Provisioning Services 7.16 ISO, the target software for CentOS/Red Hat is pvs_RED_HAT_7.15_18089_x86_64.rpm.

Important

If you are using Linux streaming functionality, no new installation packages are provided at this release. Use the Provisioning Services 7.15 Linux DEB/RPM package. For example, after downloading the Provisioning Services 7.16 ISO, the target software for CentOS/Red Hat is pvs_RED_HAT_7.15_18089_x86_64.rpm.

Only Winbind provided by Samba 4.4 and earlier releases is supported when provisioning Linux target devices using Citrix Provisioning.

Distributions:

  • Ubuntu 16.04, 16.04.01 and 16.04.02 with the 4.4.x kernel.
    • The Citrix Provisioning installer requires that the Linux kernel package version is greater than or equal to version 4.4.0.53. The installer automatically provides the correct version during the installation process.
    • The following distributions are supported: Red Hat Enterprise Linux Server 7.2, 7.3; CentOS 7.2, 7.3; SUSE Linux Enterprise Server (SLES) 12.1, 12.2.
  • Hypervisors: XenServer, ESX

  • Image management: Versioning.

    Note:

    Reverse imaging is not necessary with Linux.

  • Caching: All cache modes supported.
    • See the Managing vDisks article for more information on supported cache types.
    • Once the write cache disk is formatted, the Linux client fails to shut down. Instead, it automatically begins using the cache disk.
    • Cache on device hard disk and Cache in device RAM with overflow on hard disk both use the Linux file system caching mode.

Important

Linux streaming functionality functions with the latest version of Citrix Provisioning along with corresponding versions of Citrix Virtual Apps and Desktops.

See Configure Linux Streaming.