Most administrator activities for the Citrix Virtual Apps and Desktops Standard for Azure service can be entered through the Manage and Monitor dashboards. After you create your first catalog, the Manage dashboard launches automatically when you sign in to Citrix Cloud and select this service.
You can access the dashboards after your request for a trial or purchase is approved and completed.
To access the dashboards:
- Sign in to Citrix Cloud.
- In the upper left menu, select My Services > Virtual Apps and Desktops for Azure. (Alternatively, you can click Manage on the Virtual Apps and Desktops Standard tile in the main area of the display.)
- If a catalog has not been created yet, click Get Started on the Welcome page. You’re taken to the Manage dashboard.
- If a catalog has already been created, you’re taken automatically to the Manage dashboard.
- To access the Monitor dashboard, click the Monitor tab.
For in-product guidance from the dashboard, click the icon in the lower right corner.
Catalog tabs on the Manage dashboard
From the Manage dashboard in the service, click anywhere in the catalog’s entry. The following tabs contain information about the catalog:
The Details tab lists the information specified when the catalog was created (or its most recent edit). It also contains information about the master image that was used to create the catalog.
From this tab, you can:
- Change the master image that is used in the catalog.
- Delete the catalog.
- Access the page containing details for the resource location used by the catalog.
The Desktop tab is available only for catalogs containing single-session (static or random) machines.
From this tab, you can change the name and description of the catalog.
Desktop and Apps
The Desktops and Apps tab is available only for catalogs containing multi-session machines.
From this tab, you can:
- Add, edit, or remove applications that the catalog’s users can access in Citrix Workspace.
- Change the name and description of the catalog.
The Subscribers tab lists all users, including their type (user or group), account name, display name, plus their Active Directory domain and user principal name.
From this tab, you can add or remove users for a catalog.
The Machines tab shows the total number of machines in the catalog, plus the number of registered machines, unregistered machines, and machines that have maintenance mode turned on.
For each machine in the catalog, the display includes each machine’s name, power state (on/off), registration state (registered/unregistered), assigned users, session count (0/1), and maintenance mode status (an icon indicating on or off).
From this tab, you can:
- Add or delete a machine
- Start, restart, force restart, or shut down a machine
- Turn a machine’s maintenance mode on or off
The Power Management page enables you to manage when machines in the catalog are powered on and off. A schedule also indicates when idle machines are disconnected.
- You can configure a power schedule when you create a custom catalog or later. If no schedule is explicitly set, a machine powers off when a session ends.
- When creating a catalog using quick create, you cannot select or configure a power schedule. By default, quick create catalogs use the Cost Saver preset schedule. However, you can edit that catalog later and change the schedule.
For details, see Manage power management schedules.
This section applies to all deployments that contain domain-joined machines. You can ignore this section if you use only non-domain-joined machines.
Before creating a domain-joined catalog (or a connection, if you’re using a Citrix-managed Azure subscription), check whether you have DNS server entries that can resolve public and private domain names.
When the service creates a catalog or a connection, it looks for at least one valid DNS server entry. If no valid entries are found, the creation operation fails.
Where to check:
- If you are using your own Azure subscription, check the DNS servers entry in your Azure.
- If you are using a Citrix-managed Azure subscription and creating an Azure VNet peering connection, check the DNS servers entry in the Azure VNet that you’re peering.
- If you are using a Citrix-managed Azure subscription and creating an SD-WAN connection, check the DNS entries in the SD-WAN Orchestrator.
In Azure, the Custom setting must have at least one valid entry. This service cannot be used with the Default (Azure-provided) setting.
- If Default (Azure-provided) is enabled, change the setting to Custom, and add at least one DNS server entry.
- If you already have DNS server entries under Custom, verify that the entries you want to use with this service can resolve public and private domain IP names.
- If you do not have any DNS servers that can resolve domain names, Citrix recommends adding an Azure-provided DNS server that has those capabilities.
If you change any DNS server entries, restart all machines that are connected to the virtual network. The restart assigns the new DNS server settings. (The VMs continue using their current DNS settings until the restart.)
If you want to change DNS addresses later, after a connection is created:
When using your own Azure subscription, you can change them in Azure (as described in the preceding steps). Or, you can change them in this service.
When using a Citrix-managed Azure subscription, this service does not synchronize DNS address changes that you make in Azure. However, you can change DNS settings for the connection in this service.
Keep in mind that changing DNS server addresses can potentially cause connectivity issues for machines in catalogs that use that connection.
Adding DNS servers through this service
Before adding a DNS server address to a connection, make sure that the DNS server can resolve public and internal domain names. Citrix recommends that you test connectivity to a DNS server before adding it.
- To add, change, or remove a DNS server address when you’re creating a connection, click Edit DNS servers on the Add connection type page. Or, if a message indicates that no DNS server addresses were found, click Add DNS Servers. Continue with step 3.
- To add, change, or remove a DNS server address for an existing connection:
- From the Manage dashboard in the service, expand Network Connections on the right.
- Select the connection you want to edit.
- Click Edit DNS servers.
- Add, change, or remove addresses.
- To add an address, click Add DNS server and then enter the IP address.
- To change an address, click inside the address field and change the numbers.
- To remove an address, click the trash icon next to the address entry. You cannot remove all DNS server addresses. The connection must have at least one.
- When you’re done, click Confirm Changes at the bottom of the page.
- Restart all machines that use that connection. The restart assigns the new DNS server settings. (The VMs continue using their current DNS settings until the restart.)
Set group policies for non-domain-joined machines
- RDP to the machine that is being used for the master image.
- Make sure that Visual Studio 2017 is installed on the machine.
Install Citrix Group Policy Management:
- Browse to CTX220345. Download the attachment.
- Double-click the downloaded file. In the
Group Policy Templates 1912 > Group Policy Managementfolder, double-click
- Using the Run command, launch
gpedit.mscto open the Group Policy Editor.
User Configuration Citrix Policies > Unfiltered, click Edit Policy.
Enable policy settings as needed. For example:
- When working in Computer Configuration or User Configuration (depending on what you want to configure) on the Settings tab, in
Category > ICA / Printing, select Auto-create PDF Universal Printer and set to
- If you want logged-in users to be administrators of their desktop, add the Interactive User group to the built-in administrators group.
- When working in Computer Configuration or User Configuration (depending on what you want to configure) on the Settings tab, in
- When you’re done, save the master image.
- Either update the existing catalog or create a new catalog using the new master image.
Set group policies for domain-joined machines
- Ensure that the machine has minimum Visual Studio 2017 installed.
Ensure that the Group Policy Management feature is installed.
- On a Windows multi-session machine, add the Group Policy Management feature, using the Windows tool for adding roles and features (such as Add Roles and Features).
- On a Windows single-session machine, install the Remote Server Administration Tools for the appropriate OS. (This installation requires a domain admin account.) After that installation, the Group Policy Management console is available from the Start menu.
- Download and install the Citrix Group Policy management package from the Citrix download page, and then configure policy settings as needed. Follow the procedure in Set group policies for non-domain-joined machines, step 2 through the end.
Although the Citrix Studio console is not available in this service, see the Policy settings reference articles to learn about what’s available.
Resource location actions
Citrix automatically creates a resource location and two Cloud Connectors when you create the first catalog for publishing desktops and apps. You can specify some information related to the resource location when you create a catalog. See Resource location settings when creating a catalog.
(For Remote PC Access, you create the resource location and Cloud Connectors.)
This section describes available actions after a resource location is created.
- From the Manage dashboard in the service, expand Cloud Subscriptions on the right.
Click the subscription.
The Details tab shows the number and names of catalogs and images in the subscription. It also indicates the number of machines that can deliver desktops or apps. That count does not include machines used for other purposes, such as master images, Cloud Connectors, or RDS license servers
The Resource Locations tab lists each resource location. Each resource location entry includes the status and address of each Cloud Connector in the resource location.
The ellipsis menu in a resource location’s entry contains the following actions.
Run Health Check
Selecting Run Health Check starts the connectivity check immediately. If the check fails, the Cloud Connector’s state is unknown, because it is not communicating with Citrix Cloud. You might want to restart the Cloud Connector.
Citrix recommends restarting only one Cloud Connector at a time. Restarting takes the Cloud Connector offline, and disrupts user access and machine connectivity.
Select the check box for the Cloud Connector you want to restart. Click Restart.
Adding a Cloud Connector typically takes 20 minutes to complete.
Provide the following information:
- How many Cloud Connectors to add.
- Domain service account credentials, which are used to join the Cloud Connector machines to the domain.
- (Available only when using a customer-managed Azure subscription) Machine performance.
- (Available only when using a customer-managed Azure subscription) Azure resource group. The default is the resource group last used by the resource location.
- Organizational Unit (OU). The default is the OU last used by the resource location.
- Whether your network requires a proxy server for internet connectivity. If you indicate Yes, provide the proxy server FQDN or IP address, and port number.
When you’re done, click Add Connectors.
If a Cloud Connector cannot communicate with Citrix Cloud, and a restart does not resolve the issue, Citrix Support might recommend deleting that Cloud Connector.
Select the check box for the Cloud Connector you want to delete. Then click Delete. When prompted, confirm the deletion.
You can also delete an available Cloud Connector. However, if deleting that selected Cloud Connector would result in fewer than two available Cloud Connectors in the resource location, you won’t be allowed to delete the selected Cloud Connector.
Select Update Time
Citrix automatically provides software updates for the Cloud Connectors. During an update, one Cloud Connector is taken offline and updated, while other Cloud Connectors remain in service. When the first update completes, another Cloud Connector is taken offline and updated. This process continues until all Cloud Connectors in the resource location are updated. The best time to start updates is usually outside your typical business hours.
Choose the time to begin updates, or indicate that you want updates to start when an update is available. When you’re done, click Save.
Enter the new name for the resource location. Click Save.
Indicate whether users can access desktops and apps through the Citrix Gateway service, or only from within your corporate network.
Profile Management ensures that personal settings apply to users’ virtual applications, regardless of the location of the user device.
Configuring Profile Management is optional.
You can enable Profile Management with the profile optimization service. This service provides a reliable way for managing these settings in Windows. Managing profiles ensures a consistent experience by maintaining a single profile that follows the user. It consolidates automatically and optimizes user profiles to minimize management and storage requirements. The profile optimization service requires minimal administration, support, and infrastructure. Also, profile optimization provides users with an improved logon and logoff experience.
The profile optimization service requires a file share where all the personal settings persist. You manage the file servers. We recommend setting up network connectivity to allow access to these file servers. You must specify the file share as a UNC path. The path can contain system environment variables, Active Directory user attributes, or Profile Management variables. To learn more about the format of the UNC text string, see Specify the path to the user store.
When enabling Profile Management, consider further optimizing the user’s profile by configuring folder redirection to minimize the effects of the user profile size. Applying folder redirection complements the Profile Management solution. For more information, see Microsoft Folder Redirection.
Configure the Microsoft RDS License Server for Windows Server workloads
This service accesses Windows Server remote session capabilities when delivering a Windows Server workload, such as Windows 2016. This typically requires a Remote Desktop Services client access license (RDS CAL). The VDA must be able to contact an RDS license server to request RDS CALs. Install and activate the license server. For more information, see the Microsoft document Activate the Remote Desktop Services License Server. For proof of concept environments, you can use the grace period provided by Microsoft.
With this method, you can have this service apply the license server settings. You can configure the license server and per user mode in the RDS console on the master image. You can also configure the license server using Microsoft Group Policy settings. For more information, see the Microsoft document License your RDS deployment with client access licenses (CALs).
To configure the RDS license server using Group Policy settings
- Install a Remote Desktop Services License Server on one of the available VMs. The VM must always be available. The Citrix service workloads must be able to reach this license server.
- Specify the license server address and per-user license mode using Microsoft Group Policy. For details, see the Microsoft document Specify the Remote Desktop Licensing Mode for an RD Session Host Server.
Windows 10 workloads require appropriate Windows 10 license activation. We recommend that you follow Microsoft documentation to activate Windows 10 workloads.
Monitor Citrix license usage
To view your Citrix license usage information, follow the guidance in Monitor licenses and active usage. You can view:
- Licensing summary
- Usage reports
- Usage trends and license activity
- Licensed users
You can also release licenses.
Load balancing applies to multi-session machines, not single-session machines.
Changing the load balacing method affects all catalogs in your deployment. That includes all catalogs created using any supported host type, cloud-based and on-premises, regardless of interface used to create them (such as Studio or Quick Deploy).
Make sure you have maximum session limits configured for all catalogs before proceeding.
- In this service, that setting is located on each catalog’s Details tab.
- In other Citrix Virtual Apps and Desktops services and editions, use load management policy settings.
Load balancing measures the machine load, and determines which multi-session machine to select for an incoming user session under the current conditions. This selection is based on the configured load balancing method.
You can configure one of two load balancing methods: horizontal or vertical. The method applies to all multi-session catalogs (and therefore, all multi-session machines) in your service deployment.
Horizontal load balancing: An incoming user session is assigned to the least-loaded powered-on machine available.
Simple example: You have two machines configured for 10 sessions each. The first machine handles five concurrent sessions. The second machine handles five.
Horizontal load balancing offers high user performance, but it can increase costs as more machines are kept powered-on and busy.
This method is enabled by default.
Vertical load balancing: An incoming user session is assigned to the powered-on machine with the highest load index. (The service calculates and then assigns a load index for every multi-session machine. The calculation considers factors such as CPU, memory, and concurrency.)
This method saturates existing machines before moving on to new machines. As users disconnect and free up capacity on existing machines, new load is assigned to those machines.
Simple example: You have two machines configured for 10 sessions each. The first machine handles the first 10 concurrent sessions. The second machine handles the eleventh session.
With vertical load balancing, sessions maximize powered-on machine capacity, which can save machine costs.
To configure the load balancing method:
- From the Manage dashboard in the service, expand General on the right.
- Under Global Settings, click View All.
- On the Global Settings page, under Multi-Session Catalog Load Balancing, choose the load balancing method.
- Click Confirm.