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Create Hybrid Azure Active Directory joined catalogs
This article describes how to create Hybrid Azure Active Directory (AD) joined catalogs using Citrix DaaS.
You can create Azure AD joined catalogs by using the Full Configuration interface or PowerShell.
For information on requirements, limitations, and considerations, see Hybrid Azure Active Directory joined.
The following information is a supplement to the guidance in Create machine catalogs. To create hybrid Azure AD joined catalogs, follow the general guidance in that article, minding the details specific to hybrid Azure AD joined catalogs.
In the catalog creation wizard:
- On the Machine Identities page, select Hybrid Azure Active Directory joined. The created machines are owned by an organization and are signed into with an Active Directory Domain Services account that belongs to that organization. They exist in the cloud and on-premises.
If you select Hybrid Azure Active Directory joined as the identity type, each machine in the catalog must have a corresponding AD computer account.
The following are PowerShell steps equivalent to operations in Full Configuration. For information on how to create a catalog using the Remote PowerShell SDK, see https://developer-docs.citrix.com/projects/citrix-virtual-apps-desktops-sdk/en/latest/creating-a-catalog/.
The difference between on-premises AD joined catalogs and hybrid Azure AD joined ones lies in the creation of the identity pool and the machine accounts.
To create an identity pool along with the accounts for hybrid Azure AD joined catalogs:
New-AcctIdentityPool -AllowUnicode -IdentityType "HybridAzureAD" -Domain "corp.local" -IdentityPoolName "HybridAADJoinedCatalog" -NamingScheme "HybridAAD-VM-##" -NamingSchemeType "Numeric" -OU "CN=AADComputers,DC=corp,DC=local" -Scope @() -ZoneUid "81291221-d2f2-49d2-ab12-bae5bbd0df05" New-AcctADAccount -IdentityPoolName "HybridAADJoinedCatalog" -Count 10 -ADUserName "corp\admin1" -ADPassword $password Set-AcctAdAccountUserCert -IdentityPoolName "HybridAADJoinedCatalog" -All -ADUserName "corp\admin1" -ADPassword $password <!--NeedCopy-->
$passwordis the matching password for an AD user account with Write Permissions.
All other commands used to create hybrid Azure AD joined catalogs are the same as for traditional on-premises AD joined catalogs.
In the Full Configuration interface, the status of the hybrid Azure AD join process is visible when hybrid Azure AD joined machines in a delivery group are in a powered-on state. To view the status, use Search to identify those machines and then for each check Machine Identity on the Details tab in the lower pane. The following information can appear in Machine Identity:
- Hybrid Azure AD joined
- Not yet joined to Azure AD
- You might experience delayed hybrid Azure AD join when the machine initially powers on. This is caused by the default machine identity sync interval (30 minutes of Azure AD Connect). The machine is in hybrid Azure AD joined state only after the machine identities are synced to Azure AD through Azure AD Connect.
- If machines fail to be in hybrid Azure AD joined state, they are not registered with the Delivery Controller. Their registration status appears as Initialization.
Also, using the Full Configuration interface, you can learn why machines are unavailable. To do that, click a machine on the Search node, check Registration on the Details tab in the lower pane, and then read the tooltip for additional information.
If machines fail to be hybrid Azure AD joined, do the following:
Check if the machine account has been synced to Azure AD through the Microsoft Azure AD portal. If synced, Not yet joined to Azure AD appears, indicating pending registration status.
To sync machine accounts to Azure AD, make sure:
- The machine account is in the OU that is configured to be synced with Azure AD. Machine accounts without the userCertificate attribute are not synced to Azure AD even they are in the OU that is configured to be synced.
- The attribute userCertificate populates in the machine account. Use Active Directory Explorer to view the attribute.
- Azure AD Connect must have been synced at least once after the machine account is created. If not, manually run the
Start-ADSyncSyncCycle -PolicyType Deltacommand in the PowerShell console of the Azure AD Connect machine to trigger an immediate sync.
Check if the Citrix managed device key pair for hybrid Azure AD join is correctly pushed to the machine by querying the value of DeviceKeyPairRestored under HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Control\Citrix.
Verify that the value is 1. If not, possible reasons are:
IdentityTypeof the identity pool associated with the provisioning scheme is not set to
HybridAzureAD. You can verify this by running
- The machine is not provisioned using the same provisioning scheme of the machine catalog.
- The machine is not joined to the local domain. Local domain joined is a prerequisite of the hybrid Azure AD join.
Check diagnostic messages by running the
dsregcmd /status /debugcommand on the MCS-provisioned machine.
- If hybrid Azure AD join is successful, AzureAdJoined and DomainJoined are YES in the output of the command line.
- If not, refer to the Microsoft documentation to troubleshoot the issues: https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/active-directory/devices/troubleshoot-hybrid-join-windows-current.
If you get the error message Server Message: The user certificate is not found on the device with id: xxxxxxxx-xxxx-xxxx-xxxx-xxxxxxxxxxxx, then run the following PowerShell command to repair the user certificate:
Repair-AcctIdentity -IdentityAccountName TEST\VM1 -Target UserCertificate <!--NeedCopy-->
For more information about the user certificate issue, see CTX566696.
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