In environments that use the Citrix Gateway service, the Rendezvous protocol allows HDX sessions to bypass the Citrix Cloud Connector and connect directly and securely to the Citrix Gateway service.
- Access to environment using Citrix Workspace and Citrix Gateway service.
- Control Plane: Citrix Virtual Apps and Desktops Service (Citrix Cloud).
- VDA: Version 1912 or later.
- Version 2012 is the minimum required for EDT Rendezvous.
- Version 2012 is the minimum required for non-transparent proxy support (no PAC file support).
- Version 2103 is the minimum required for proxy configuration with a PAC file.
- Enable the Rendezvous protocol in the Citrix policy. For more information, see Rendezvous protocol policy setting.
- The VDAs must have access to
https://*.nssvc.net, including all subdomains. If you can’t add all subdomains to the allow list in that manner, use
https://*.g.nssvc.netinstead. For more information, see the Internet Connectivity Requirements section of the Citrix Cloud documentation (under Virtual Apps and Desktops service) and the Knowledge Center article CTX270584.
- The VDAs must be able to connect to the addresses mentioned above on TCP 443 and UDP 443 for TCP Rendezvous and EDT Rendezvous, respectively.
- Cloud Connectors must obtain the VDAs’ FQDNs when brokering a session. Accomplish this in one of these two ways:
Enable DNS resolution for the site. Navigate to Full Configuration > Settings and turn on the Enable DNS resolution setting. Alternatively, use the Citrix Virtual Apps and Desktops Remote PowerShell SDK and run the command
Set-BrokerSite -DnsResolutionEnabled $true. For more information about the Citrix Virtual Apps and Desktops Remote PowerShell SDK, see SDKs and APIs.
- DNS Reverse Lookup Zone with PTR records for the VDAs. If you choose this option, we recommend that you configure VDAs to always attempt to register PTR records. To do so, use the Group Policy Editor or Group Policy Object, navigate to Computer Configuration > Administrative Templates > Network > DNS Client, and set Register PTR Records to Enabled and Register. If the connection’s DNS suffix does not match the domain’s DNS suffix, you must also configure the Connection-specific DNS suffix setting for the machines to register PTR records successfully.
If using the DNS resolution option, the Cloud Connectors must be able to resolve the fully qualified domain names (FQDNs) of the VDA machines. In the case that internal users connect directly to the VDA machines, the client devices also must be able to resolve the VDA machines’ FQDNs.
If using a DNS reverse lookup zone, the FQDNs in the PTR records must match the FQDNs of the VDA machines. If the PTR record contains a different FQDN, the Rendezvous connection fails. For example, if the machine’s FQDN is
vda01.domain.net, the PTR record must contain
vda01.domain.net. A different FQDN such as
vda01.sub.domain.netdoes not work.
- Enable DNS resolution for the site. Navigate to Full Configuration > Settings and turn on the Enable DNS resolution setting. Alternatively, use the Citrix Virtual Apps and Desktops Remote PowerShell SDK and run the command
The VDA supports establishing Rendezvous connections through a proxy.
Consider the following when using proxies with Rendezvous:
- Transparent proxies, non-transparent HTTP proxies, and SOCKS5 proxies are supported.
- Packet decryption and inspection are not supported. Configure an exception so that the ICA traffic between the VDA and the Gateway Service is not intercepted, decrypted, or inspected. Otherwise, the connection breaks.
HTTP proxies support machine-based authentication by using Negotiate and Kerberos or NT LAN Manager (NTLM) authentication protocols.
When you connect to the proxy server, the Negotiate authentication scheme automatically selects the Kerberos protocol. If Kerberos isn’t supported, Negotiate falls back to NTLM for authentication.
To use Kerberos, you must create the service principal name (SPN) for the proxy server and associate it with the proxy’s Active Directory account. The VDA generates the SPN in the format
HTTP/<proxyURL>when establishing a session, where the proxy URL is retrieved from the Rendezvous proxy policy setting. If you don’t create an SPN, authentication falls back to NTLM. In both cases, the VDA machine’s identity is used for authentication.
- Authentication with a SOCKS5 proxy is not currently supported. If using a SOCKS5 proxy, you must configure an exception so that traffic destined to Gateway Service addresses (specified in the requirements) can bypass authentication.
- Only SOCKS5 proxies support data transport through EDT. For an HTTP proxy, use TCP as transport protocol for ICA.
If using a transparent proxy in your network, no additional configuration is required on the VDA.
If using a non-transparent proxy in your network, configure the Rendezvous proxy configuration setting. When the setting is enabled, specify the HTTP or SOCKS5 proxy address, or enter the path to the PAC file for the VDA to know which proxy to use. For example:
- Proxy address:
http://<URL or IP>:<port>or
socks5://<URL or IP>:<port>
- PAC file:
http://<URL or IP>/<path>/<filename>.pac
If you use the PAC file to configure the proxy, define the proxy using the syntax required by the Windows HTTP service:
PROXY [<scheme>=]<URL or IP>:<port>. For example,
PROXY socks5=<URL or IP>:<port>.
If you meet all requirements, follow these steps to validate if Rendezvous is in use:
- Launch PowerShell or a command prompt within the HDX session.
- The transport protocols in use indicate the type of connection:
- TCP Rendezvous: TCP > SSL > CGP > ICA
- EDT Rendezvous: UDP > DTLS > CGP > ICA
- Proxy through Cloud Connector: TCP > CGP > ICA
Windows cipher suite order
For a custom cipher suite order, make sure that you include the VDA-supported cipher suites from the following list:
If the custom cipher suite order does not contain these cipher suites, the Rendezvous connection fails.
Zscaler Private Access
If using Zscaler Private Access (ZPA), it is highly recommended that you configure bypass settings for the Gateway Service to avoid increased latency and the associated performance impact. To do so, you must define application segments for the Gateway Service addresses – specified in the requirements – and set them to always bypass. For information on configuring application segments to bypass ZPA, see the Zscaler documentation.
How Rendezvous works
This diagram is an overview of the Rendezvous connection flow.
Follow the steps to understand the Rendezvous connection flow:
- Navigate to Citrix Workspace.
- Enter credentials in Citrix Workspace.
- If using on-premises Active Directory, the Citrix Virtual Apps and Desktops service authenticates credentials with Active Directory using the Cloud Connector channel.
- Citrix Workspace displays counted resources from the Citrix Virtual Apps and Desktops service.
- Select resources from Citrix Workspace. The Citrix Virtual Apps and Desktops service sends a message to the VDA to prepare for an incoming session.
- Citrix Workspace sends an ICA file to the endpoint that contains an STA ticket generated by Citrix Cloud.
- The endpoint connects to the Citrix Gateway service, provides the ticket to connect to the VDA, and Citrix Cloud validates the ticket.
- The Citrix Gateway service sends connection information to the Cloud Connector. The Cloud Connector determines if the connection is supposed to be a Rendezvous connection and sends the information to the VDA.
- The VDA establishes a direct connection to the Citrix Gateway service.
- If a direct connection between the VDA and the Citrix Gateway service isn’t possible, the VDA proxies its connection through the Cloud Connector.
- The Citrix Gateway service establishes a connection between the endpoint device and the VDA.
- The VDA verifies its license with the Citrix Virtual Apps and Desktops service through the Cloud Connector.
- The Citrix Virtual Apps and Desktops service sends and applies the session policies to the VDA through the Cloud Connector.