Product Documentation

Create a Site

Sep 14, 2016

A Site is the name you give to a XenApp or XenDesktop deployment. It comprises the Delivery Controllers and other core components, Virtual Delivery Agents (VDAs), connections to hosts (if used), plus the Machine Catalogs and Delivery Groups you create and manage. You create the Site after you install the core components and before creating your first Machine Catalog and Delivery Group.

Review this article before you start the Site creation wizard; it includes tasks to complete and decisions to consider before actually creating the Site.

Site creation wizard

Open Studio if it is not already open. You're automatically guided to the action that starts the Site creation wizard. The wizard pages cover the following configuration areas:

Site type and name

There are two Site types; choose one:

  • Application and desktop delivery Site. When you create an application and desktop delivery Site, you can further choose to create a full deployment Site (recommended) or an empty Site. An empty Site is only partially configured, and is usually created by advanced administrators.
  • Remote PC Access Site. A Remote PC Access Site allows designated users to remotely access their office PCs through a secure connection.

If you create an application and desktop delivery deployment now, you can add a Remote PC Access deployment later. Conversely, if you create a Remote PC Access deployment now, you can add a full deployment later.

Type a name for the Site. After the Site is created, its name appears at the top of the Studio navigation pane: Citrix Studio (site-name).


The Databases page contains selections for setting up the Site, Monitoring, and Configuration Logging databases. For details about database setup choices and requirements, see the Databases article.

If you will not be using a default SQL Server Express Edition installation, make sure the SQL Server software is installed on the machines before you create a Site; the System requirements article lists the supported versions.

If you want to add more Delivery Controllers to the Site, and have already installed the Controller software on other servers, you can add them to the Site from this page in the Site creation wizard. If you plan to generate scripts that will set up the databases, add the Controllers before you generate the scripts.


Consider whether you will use existing licenses or the 30-day free trial license that allows you to add license files later. You can also add or download license files from within the Site creation wizard. For more information, see the Licensing documentation.

Specify the License Server address in the form name:[port]. The name must be a Fully Qualified Domain Name (FQDN), NetBIOS, or IP address; FQDN is recommended. If you omit the port number, the default is 27000. Click Connect. You cannot proceed to the next page in the wizard until a successful connection is made to the License Server.

Power management (Remote PC Access only)

See the Remote PC Access section below.

Host connection, network, and storage

If you will be using VMs on a hypervisor or cloud service to provide applications and desktops, set up that host environment before creating the Site. (See the information sources listed below.)

You create the first connection to a host in the Site creation wizard; you can modify that connection and create additional connections later. If you are not using a virtualization host, or if you will use Studio to manage user desktops hosted on dedicated blade PCs, select the connection type None.

If you are configuring a Remote PC Access Site and plan to use the Wake on LAN feature, select the Microsoft System Center Configuration Manager host type.

Specify whether you will use Machine Creation Services (MCS) or other tools to create VMs on the host.

After you select the connection type and tools, subsequent pages in the wizard specify the storage information and network the connection will use; these form the resources for a connection. After you create the Site, the resources name identifies that storage and network combination in Studio for that connection.

  • Specify whether you will use shared or local storage on the host. Shared storage is available through the networks you select. If you use shared storage with XenServer, you can enable the use of IntelliCache to reduce load on the storage device; see the Connections article for more information.
  •  If you will be creating Desktop OS machines, specify whether you will use Personal vDisks and select the storage they will use. Personal vDisks can use the same storage as the VMs, or different storage. For more information, see the Personal vDisk articles.
  • Select which available networks the VMs will use.

Connection type information sources


Microsoft Hyper-V

Microsoft Azure

Amazon Web Services (AWS)

  • AWS documentation.
  • When you create a connection in Studio, you must provide the API key and secret key values. You can export the key file containing those values from AWS and then import them. You must also provide the region, availability zone, VPC name, subnet addresses, domain name, security group names, and credentials.
  • The credentials file for the root AWS account (retrieved from the AWS console) is not formatted the same as credentials files downloaded for standard AWS users. Therefore, Studio cannot use the file to populate the API key and secret key fields. Ensure that you are using AWS IAM credentials files.

Citrix CloudPlatform

  • Citrix CloudPlatform documentation.
  • When you create a connection in Studio, you must provide the API key and secret key values. You can export the key file containing those values from CloudPlatform and then import those values.

Citrix XenServer

  • Citrix XenServer documentation.
  • When you create a connection, you must provide the credentials for a VM Power Admin or higher-level user.
  • Citrix recommends using HTTPS to secure communications with XenServer. To use HTTPS, you must replace the default SSL certificate installed on XenServer; see CTX128656.
  • You can configure high availability if it is enabled on the XenServer.  Citrix recommends that you select all servers in the pool (from Edit High Availability) to allow communication with XenServer if the pool master fails. 
  • You can select a GPU type and group, or passthrough, if the XenServer supports vGPU. The display indicates if the selection has dedicated GPU resources.

Additional Features

You can select additional features to customize your Site. When you select the check box for an item that requires information, a configuration box appears.

AppDNA Integration

If you will be using AppDisks and have installed AppDNA, select this feature to allow analysis of applications in the AppDisks, review compatibility issues, and then take remedial actions to resolve those issues. For more information, see the AppDisks article.

App-V Publishing

Select this feature if you will use applications from Microsoft App-V packages that are located on App-V servers. When you select this check box, you are prommpted to provide the URL of the App-V management server, and the URL and port number of the App-V publishing server.

If you will use applications from App-V packages on network share locations only, you do not need to select this feature.

You can also enable/disable and configure this feature later in Studio. For more information, see the App-V article.

Remote PC Access

If you are using the Wake on LAN feature, complete the configuration steps on the Microsoft System Center Configuration Manager before creating the Site. For details, see the Microsoft System Center Configuration Manager article.

When you create a Remote PC Access Site:

  • If you're using the Wake on LAN feature, specify the Microsoft System Center Configuration Manager address, credential, and connection information on the Power Management page.
  • Specify users or user groups on the Users page; there is no default action that automatically adds all users. Also specify machine accounts (domain and OU) information on the Machine Accounts page of the wizard.

To add user information, click Add Users. Select users and user groups, and then click Add users.

To add machine accounts information, click Add machine accounts. Select machine accounts, and then click Add machine accounts. Click Add OUs. Select the domain and Organizational Units, and indicate if items in subfolders should be included. Click Add OUs.

Note: When you create a Remote PC Access Site, a Machine Catalog named Remote PC User Machine Accounts is created automatically, containing all the machine accounts you added in the Site creation wizard.  A Delivery Group named Remote PC User Desktops is created automatically, containing all the users and user groups you added.

Good to know

  • The Site creation wizard asks if you want to participate in the Citrix Customer Experience Improvement Program. When you join this program, anonymous statistics and usage information is sent to Citrix; for details, see
  • The last page of the Site creation wizard summarizes the information you specified. Use the Back button if you want to change anything. When you've finished, click Create and the Site creation will begin.
  • The user who creates a Site becomes a Full Administrator; for more information, see the Delegated Administration article.

Test a Site configuration

You can view an HTML report of the Site test results.

To run the tests after you create the Site, select Citrix Studio (Site site-name) at the top of the navigation pane, and then click Test site in the center pane.